Global warming, pollution, and natural calamities are some of the pressing issues that have taken the world by the storm. Every now and then you can hear about the vagaries instilled by climate change and its impact being felt hugely all over the world. Even though a lot is being done to if not stop but to slower the process of global warming, geospatial technology for the environment is the ultimate solution to have a more promising ecology and sustainable living.
The technology not just only helps to visualize the change and show comparison, but it also helps in data analysis and effective planning.
Using geospatial technology effectively is the key
Geospatial Technology is the specialized set of information technologies that include aerial photography, remote sensing, surveying, and GPS that support a wide variety of uses. This stretches from data acquisition to data storage, manipulation, image analysis, geo-visualization etc. These disciplines if properly harnessed and given its rightful place by the appropriate authorities globally would play enviable roles in the sustainability of our environment and good governance.
Having a wide horizon, geospatial technology has made a mark all over the world. Some of the areas where you can find its presence eminently are disaster management, mapping climate change, precision farming, insurance, mining and extractive industry, city planning, transportation, communication network designs, aviation, traffic and accident control and prevention, land use, etc.
Geospatial technology has enabled the use of satellite and space techniques to solve a number of environmental related problems. This includes urban sprawl and slum studies, flooding, and erosion menace, environmental degradation due to oil spillage and crop health and early warning signals. Urban changes have been monitored by means of readily available remotely sensed imageries and aerial photographs of different spatio-temporal resolutions which can be analyzed using the necessary software, algorithm and human capacity.
The use of this technology enhances a better means or techniques of data capture and the distribution. This could be done in real time and thus will reduce the time and energy needed in data acquisition for solving environmental problems.
The technology also promotes participatory visualizations using the powerful tools embedded in its user interface. These tools help in the overall assessment of environmental impacts and will also play important roles in physical planning of the environment. A session on Geo4Environment at Geospatial World Forum 2019 can give you a better perspective.
Countries using geospatial to protect the environment
Most of the countries around the globe today are making use of geospatial technology to protect environment. US, Russia, China, Australia, Germany, India and many more are effectively using the technology and covers all the aspects necessary for conserving the environment. For example the US and Europe are contemplating on designing autonomous vehicles which would be eco-friendly and could achieve a 2 to 4% reduction in oil consumption.
China has developed a global spaceborne-airborne ground earth observation system with a view to solve resource and environmental crises.
Japan is establishing monitoring systems for active volcanoes which causes hazard to human life and environment through hot avalanches, hot particle gas clouds, lava flows and flooding
India is using GPS or location technology for Garbage Management as well as to control traffic.
Africa is extensively making use of GIS and remote sensing technology for urban land management and to preserve its natural resources.
Spatial information leads to better outcomes in almost every industry and geospatial provides invaluable location information that makes decision-making superior and extremely productive. The benefits that geospatial can yield are only limited by human’s capability to innovate and harness. We all must dedicate ourselves towards preserving our environment and technologies can be our best friends for the purpose. In order to be a part of the change and be more aware of the subject, register now. The best part is if you do it now you end up saving up to €400.
Also Read: GIS for Environmental Planning