Cloud Technology: The functional and operational building block of IoT

Cloud Technology: The functional and operational building block of IoT


Cloud technology is an information technology paradigm that allows ubiquitous access to data and other configurable services over the internet to the users. Cloud is the future of IT evolution and it allows the users to access their data whenever they want and reduces the need for cumbersome data storage.

Cloud would be among the chief drivers of Internet of Things (IoT). The expansive reach of IoT, its agility, and efficiency all would depend on cloud technology, as it supplants physical storage and databases.

“IT is gradually losing control as everything moves to the cloud. As IoT is scaling up, cloud would be its repository, driver of growth and working engine”, said Madhav Chablani, Chairman, Cloud Security Alliance, at the 26th Convergence India 2018.

He further added that “Cloud is the greatest technology enabler today and in due course of time we will witness almost everything smoothly moving to the cloud. Be it cost-reduction, agility, accuracy or ease of data accessibility, Cloud has already made its mark”.

When we talk about cloud technology, its scope, technological edge and the various parameters that underpin it, it is crucial to unravel it and explain how this technology which is being used for sharing and storing everything from document files to hosting Big Data, has transformed itself and the world.

Kalyan Mukhopadhyay, Cloud Expert, IBM, said “a couple of years back when we talked about cloud, it was about optimization and then the discourse shifted to innovation. And now it has moved to business value discussions. Right now we are at version 3 of cloud, or Cloud 3.0, which is exploring business value for cloud.”

The number of consumers who use cloud-based services and applications is increasing by leaps and bounds every year and the market capitalization and revenue of cloud service companies have already hit the ceiling.

To put it into perspective, Amarjit Gupta, MD & CEO, QED Sigma Innovations, said: “Roughly 3 billion US dollars’ worth software is sold in India and of this 1 billion is in cloud and it is growing at the rate of 60%”. Cloud consumption is growing inevitably in India. But unlike the west, the key driver here is affordability”.

In a developing society, reduced cost and increased efficiency would certainly be a determining factor. And the future spread would also be contingent on the steep reduction in cost.

Inderpal Singh Mumick, Founder & CEO, Kirusa, said that “In fact when you hear about the cloud, you first think that you can save cost as well as get up and running faster. By the virtue of cloud, it also gives you the ability to deliver new services. In the last 6-7 telecom providers lost whopping 386 billion dollars due to OTT apps. But using the cloud they have reduced losses. The users have become familiar that they will have data connectivity and the number of services can be made more accessible”.

Questions regarding data security and breaching of cloud servers do arise from time to time. To make cloud servers more secure and robust, both the companies and the end-users have to be more vigilant and new cloud experts have to be employed by organizations. No system is foolproof and without the risk occasional margin of error and malfunction, and to further reduce these companies depend on the regular feedbacks of the users. For this, the users have to become more aware and take the security of their data with utmost seriousness.

Madhav Chablani is of the opinion that “If you look at cloud service models, the major responsibility is with the user. Ultimate responsibility is of the user. If he plays with the default configuration he is responsible”.