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14 COVER STORY UNDER C onstruction sector around the world appears to be in the throes of a major change with the onset of geospatial technology as a major variable in the BIM process. This transformation, in a way, has already arrived in the developed countries with the focus firmly on gaining op- erational efficiencies and additional business avenues. Meanwhile, devel- oping countries have been found to be lagging in this aspect, as with all technologies. (Fig 1). Not surprisingly then, developed countries are seeing a higher return on investment than the developing countries on these technologies, as they were the early adopters, finds a survey by Geospatial Media & Communications (Fig 2). Cost and expertise is the key challenge in developing countries, while inter- operability and incompatibility is a challenge in the developed world. However, given the number of development projects set to kick-off in the developing nations, countries with a high number of big infrastructure developments, such as India and China, will be the key in the coming years. Accord- ing to Nirmalya Chatterjee, COO & Director, Tekla India, “We see Geospatial World • August • 2015 India and China are moving rapidly. Within the next 10 years, countries like India, with their huge scope of infrastructure development and high-skill resource, will take lead on the global stage.” The average workforce in India is very young and tech-savvy, which is likely to further act as an advantage. BIM as an integrated system It is estimated that around 31% of stakeholders (Fig 3) in the con- struction industry have adopted BIM as integrated system with their business processes. This includes