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World Bank assesses Russian cadastre project

Russia: The Russian Federation selected the single agency model for land administration. This is an approach that was recommended by the team based on its experience in the Europe and Central Asia (ECA), revealed World Bank in its implementation completion and results report on a loan of USD 100 million to the Russian Federation for Cadastre Development Project.

The project aimed to improve the information flow and rationalise normative and operational procedures for the Unified State Cadastre of Immovable Property so as to facilitate development of real property markets, improve the quality of services provided by the offices of the Cadastre Agency and strengthen linkages with other organisations.

Visits of World Bank representatives provided the government counterparts with practical experiences and exposures to the different types of agencies and helped them to make their decisions. The Bank team adapted a tried and tested successful model of land administration projects to the realities of the Russian Federation. In this case, the Bank trusted the commitment of the Federal Agency for Cadastre of Immovable Property (Cadastre Agency), or CA and the Government’s support for the land administration strategy, and agreed not to wait for further reform on the structures of the responsible agencies (i.e. integration of land administration services as a condition for the project).

The report observed that despite fundamental changes to the economy and nature of property rights in the Russian Federation during the 1990s and early 2000s, the manner in which real property was administered remained little changed. There were inadequate linkages between organisations, numerous requirements to transact with real property, and poor access to information. The property market was operating inefficiently, investment was frustrated, and property was rarely used as security for loans. Consequently, the contributions of the country’s real property resources to economic growth and social stability, as well as government revenue, were falling well short of their potential. Hence, the Government, World Bank and donors had begun to support improvements in the real property administration sector from the early 1990s.

In 2004, during project preparation, the Government had formally merged two organisations responsible for real property administration – the Federal Land Cadastre Service and Bureau of Technical Inventory (BTI) – to form the CA, under the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade. In December 2008, the Government initiated the implementation of unifying the key agencies associated with real property by formally merging the CA with the RRS and the Cartography and Geodesy Agency. The resulting organisation was known as the Federal Service for Registration, Cadastre and Cartography Services (RosReestr) under the Ministry of Economic Development (MOED).

Source: World Bank