BHUBANESWAR: Soil and water conservation programmes and sustainable land use for watershed management in different agro-climatic zones have a new tool for precise planning —space technology.
Yes, with remote sensing and geographic information system (RS-GIS) applications, the monitoring of natural resource management has become much easier than ever before.
Keeping the urgency in mind, the Water Technology Centre for Easter Region (WTCER), Bhubaneswar, has been organising a week-long national-level training course on “Integrating spatial and non-spatial natural resources for sustainable watershed management,” here since Wednesday.
The course was designed to present an overview of the modern tools like GIS, GPS, simulation model and remote sensing technique for watershed management along with traditional profitable technologies and intended to benefit officers, scientists, extension workers and planners who are working in the field of watershed planning, management and implementation in various State and Central Government departments, said Gouranga Kar, senior scientist and course director of the programme.
WTCER director Ashwani Kumar said modern tools like RS-GIS have made great achievements and contributed significantly in managing natural resources apart from monitoring post-disaster management and monitoring.
Space technology currently offers satellites which provide better spatial, spectral and temporal resolutions (more frequent revisits) stereo viewing and on-board recording facilities for scientists.
Presently, Indian Remote Sensing Satellite RESOURCESAT (IRS-P6) provides multi-spectral data with 5.8 metre resolution. Thus high resolution satellite data not only improves identification of different features, but also helps in mapping detailed information which will be helpful for natural resources management in a better way than the conventional tools, Kar added.
Former vice-chancellor of OUAT Prof I.C. Mohapatra said current projection of population growth, shrinking natural resources, inappropriate, exploitative and unscientific land use planning in rainfed farming represent a massive challenge to agricultural sector.
“In this regard, modern tools like RS-GIS and GPS can have value addition in characterising natural resources planning,” he added.