In 1953 the Geographic Institute Agustín Codazzi (IGAC) settled on El Santuario de la laguna de Fúquene, Cundinamarca, the Geomagnetic Observatory which has contributed to the development of the geodetic network of Colombia. It works by positioning points located at the earth”s surface to determine its differential geographic position (latitude, longitude and elevation, complementing variable calculation with information and data from repeat stations that were explored for several years throughout the territory.
On that place measures of the earth”s magnetic field are carried out continuously. The data obtained during the first five decades supported the development of the national basic cartography and the development of global models to send reports and geomagnetic data centers worldwide.
The Geomagnetic Observatory hosted the first Latin American School of Geomagnetism (1993), an initiative sponsored by the Pan American Institute of Geography and History (IPGH), with the participation of twenty technicians and geophysical attendees from 12 countries. At that time it was established itself as one of the most successful geoscientific tasks in Latin American within the guidelines of the Colombian Space Commission (CEC) and their contributions to the development of the country.
On the island of El Santuario de Fúquene work several stations related to measuring of different soil features, such as those of Geomagnetic, Satellite GPS, Climatological and Seismological Accelerograph. In addition to other Earth observation sensors, that over the years had served as a source of information for different entities. As a result of this process, in our days the observatory operates a first-order weather station of the Institute of Hydrology, Meteorology and Environmental Studies (IDEAM) a continuous GPS station of IGAC, an accelerometer of the Colombian Institute of Geology and Mining (Ingeominas).
Currently the observatory is in a modernization process to keep one of the longest series of continuous magnetic data Latin America in real time, which by its equatorial position and lack of similar facilities in Venezuela, Ecuador and Panama, makes its installation as one of the most important generators of information in this area of global research.