The Brazilian Space Agency (AEB), the University of Brasilia (UnB), and the Russian Space Agency (Roscosmos) announced on July 19, the inauguration of the reference system station for the System of Differential Correction and Monitoring of the Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS) – the system of Russian satellite navigation. The station was installed in the Computer Center (CPD) of the Center for Technological Development (CDT) at UnB. This is the first Glonass station installed outside Russia.
Similar to the Global Positioning System (GPS), GLONASS locates positions on the earth surface using 24 satellites around the Earth”s orbit. The station at UnB were installed to improve the system to end users. Data received by the station will be processed first in Brazil and then sent to Russia for a more accurate processing.
The equipment brought from Russia has an antenna and two racks of processors, one for receiving the signal and other to transmit information to the project headquarters in Russia.
Besides being an important component for reducing the positioning error of the GLONASS system in South America, the installation will benefit research in aerospace developed in Automation and Robotics (LARA) and Biomedical (LAB) laboratories of UNB. It will be important also to satellite applications and for geodetic studies of the university. The information generated by the system can be used in research by scientists, experts and students.
According to the deputy chief of Roscosmos, Sergey Saveliev, UNB and Russian companies signed on 20 July, an agreement.in order to the installation of two other stations in Brazil. The three station’s data will be used together.
The AEB president, José Raimundo Coelho, said that UNB was chosen to receive the station because the institution has been compromised for many years with space activities.