Hanoi, Vietnam: Presenting the strategy for the development of national SDI (NSDI) in Vietnam, Hoang Lam Son, Dept of IT, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, traced the evolution of SDI concept and benefits of SDIs in enabling e-governance, at the Asia Geospatial Forum 2012 organised by Geospatial Media and Communications in collaboration with the Vietnam Association of Geodesy, Cartography and Remote Sensing .
Discussing the progress achieved in building the NSDI for Vietnam, he informed that the national coordinates have been constructed based on national geodetic reference system, VN-2000. He said geospatial databases of information on natural resources and environment including land, water, geology and mineral resources, are being implemented and marine chart system at a scale of 1:250,000 is being re-edited on the basis of available marine charts.
According to Hoang, the first version of geographic data standards, cadastral data standards and land registration standards are completed, approved and are already in use. However, information service standards are yet to be approved.
He further said that significant progress has been made in upgrading the technology. “Vietnam considers ICT as a key component for national infrastructure. The country is concentrating on building national database and is encouraging the linkages with international networks to develop e-govt, e-citizen initiatives and implementing the promise of e-ASEAN,” he said. ICT plays a major role in enhancing a country’s industrialisation and modernisation process. However, there are several outstanding issues Vietnam is working on, especially developing a policy framework for the implementation of NSDI. He concluded by saying that the Malaysian Declaration of GGIM, which stresses on setting up of spatially-enabled governments, would be the guiding principle for establishing NSDI in Vietnam.
Significance of g-tech in national development
Underscoring the significance of geospatial technologies in national development, Matt Delano, Business Area Director, Cadastral Solutions, Trimble discussed the relationship between various industries that leverage geospatial information and the relationship with government organisations.
“Several industries like energy, oil and gas, mining, telecom, infrastructure, transportation, water, agriculture, local governments and business enterprises, which are key to sustainable socio economic development, depend on geospatial information,” he said. Around USD 50-60 billion is spent each year to collect, analyse and maintain geospatial data. “If we look at data collection process, technology has enriched our ability to acquire and generate geospatial data and will continue to increase exponentially. Today, geospatial technology is not just about geospatial data collection. Collecting information is no longer a challenge. The challenge is the management of spatial and non-spatial information,” he added.
Delano then highlighted the importance of geospatial technologies in major economic sectors like infrastructure, agriculture, transportation and land management by giving examples. Discussing the role of governments, he said, “Governments can provide soft infrastructure, which enables the industry partners to move forward in nation building efforts. Geoinformation is not only used in major industries but is also a medium to share information between industries. Governments play a unique role by empowering the partners in industry to work together for national development.”
Geospatial technologies for making smart decisions
Winson Wang from Intergraph said governments are under tremendous pressure to ensure infrastructure is safe for the public, to increase transparency in decision making, to improve public services and offer services at lower costs. He said that the time has come for governments to embrace geospatial technologies for making smart decisions. “GeoICT links spatial awareness, incident command, intelligent video, sensor information into a single system and integrates it with local, state and federal government agencies,” he said.
G-tech for better land administration
Atty Ernesto d Adobo, Undersecretary for Staff Bureaus, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Philippines highlighted the department’s initiatives in land administration. According to Ernesto, even though Philippines has a history of using land titling system, there are several challenges on the ground. These include increased risk of double titling, competing agencies, lack of complete access to updated cadastral information by local government units.
“Under the Land Administration and Management Project (LAMP) with the World Bank and AusAID, major reforms and innovations have been introduced. Land administration and management system (LAMS) has been completed nationwide, securing a USD 60 million World Bank loan to complete the conversion of our paper records. The cost of accessing land information by public has been reduced by more than 60 percent,” Adobo added.
Apart from LAMP, they are implementing land titling computerisation project (LTCP) through land administration authority (LRA); geoportal project (NSDI) through NAMRIA and cadastral survey project for the remaining unsurveyed municipalities in the next two years.
Source: Our Correspondent