New Delhi, India: “India really is a land of Gods because the climate conditions here are not as bad as in the rest of the world.” With this note of Akhilesh Gupta, Advisor to Minister of Science and Technology, Government of India, began the second day of NSDI-10 in New Delhi, India.
Akhilesh was addressing the session, Technology & NSDI, chaired by S. Subba Rao, Surveyor General of India, Survey of India (SOI). He stressed how relevant is climate change to national security as it affects issues like food security, water security and migration both within the country and across borders. He illustrated how rising sea level is a threat for national security because it may lead to significant migration from countries like Bangladesh and Maldives to India. He stressed on the crucial role of weather conditions during wars, recalling how during Kargil War, the western disturbance turned things into India’s favour. Further, even the US had to stop air attacks in Iraq for three days due to sandstorms. The conquerer Napolean was also a victim of such situation as he was defeated in the Battle of Waterloo because of a tornado.
Dr. Debjyoti Pal of Esri India proposed migration to SDI on top of cloud computing. He demonstrated how cloud computing works in an organisation and can lead to significant cost savings in IT infrastructure, highlighting three companies making it possible: Google, Microsoft and Amazon. Prof. N. L. Sarda from IIT Mumbai said that baseline use cases can demonstrate how easy it is for users to access geospatial data. He stated that users’ requirements can never be pre-determined. Addressing data interoperability issue, he stressed on the need to define symantics of ontology because it can be the basis of interoperability. Prof. Sarda also said that NSDI is not only about data, it should include value added services, help in good governance and so on.
Stating that “NSDI should mean service driven infrastructure,” Dr. S. K. Ghosh, IIT Kharagpur, India offered an inclusive insight into NSDI. He addressed issues related to cloud computing as well as data interoperability. Presenting a case study on Bankur District, West Bengal, India, he concurred with Prof. Sarda’s view that users’ requirement can not be pre-determined.
Ratan Awasthi from Leica Geosystems talked about advances in GNSS framework technologies. Analysing the present status of GPS, GLONASS and Galileo, he predicted how precise is the information we are getting now and where this trend can take us. Disagreeing with a report in a German newspaper, he made it clear that cost has not been affected by delays in Galileo project. Concluding the technology session, Dr. P.S. Acharya, NSDI, Department of Science and Technology (DST), put forth initiatives of different state level SDI. He also talked about OGC compliance standard and data models.
The second session of the day, Geospatial Application and NSDI, was chaired by Dr. Manosi Lahiri, Managing Director, M. L. Infomap. Anil Sinha, Vice Chairman, Bihar State Disaster Management Authority, reiterated the vulnerability of the state due to climate change and invited effective solutions for the state from geospatial solution providers. Uday Kale, Vice President (IT), Reliance Infrastructure Ltd., explored the role of GIS in renewable as well as non-renewable energy. He summarised that GIS is at the core of power generation and distribution.
At the end of the session, Shambhu Singh, JS (North-east), MHA, talked about the role of geospatial technology in dealing with internal security. He noted that failure of effective development planning can lead to naxalism or terrorism and how geospatial technologies can contribute to improving the situation.
Source: Our correspondent