Russia: The amendments introduced in the Russian federal law to change the Air Code of using unmanned aerial vehicles have started implementing. The new code regulates the use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), or drones, and aims to increase the general level of aviation security. The need for the new guidelines were realised considering the the great popularity of drones and the expansion of their scope of use as well as to establish a government UAV database.
The bill, drafted by Russian’s Transport Ministry, was submitted to the State Duma in late March 2015, considered and approved at a government meeting in March 2015, adopted by the Duma in December 2015. The bill was signed into law December 30, 2015 by Russian President Vladimir Putin.
The head of the Duma transport committee, Yevgeny Moskvichev, explained this to the media that even small drones can be used to commit terrorist acts, so data about them will have to be entered into a special register. The apparatuses will be registered in a simplified manner. The regulations may be adjusted if need arises.
According to the new regulation, all UAVs whose maximum takeoff mass is equal to or exceeds 250 grams are subject to registration. Thus, the law covers even radio-controlled aircraft mockups and children’s toys. Model aircraft enthusiasts’ organizations, manufacturers and sellers of drones were speaking against the bill during its discussions. The law vests the operator of the drone with the status of the pilot. The operator should have a remote pilot certificate.