Nepal: ICIMOD, in close collaboration with the Department of Forests of Nepal, has developed a forest fire detection and monitoring system for Nepal based on Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data. The work was supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) under the SERVIR-Himalaya initiative. MODIS sensors on board NASA Terra and Aqua satellites are already used extensively in detecting and monitoring forest fires across the globe.
The system carries out automated data acquisition, processing, reporting, and feedback on fire location. It provides location information at 1×1 km resolution on active fires present during the satellite’s twice-daily overpasses.