Islamabad, Pakistan: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) announced that with the financial assistance of Japan, it will set up a system in Pakistan to upgrade flood management of the country. The system, worth USD 3.5 million, will be completed by 2013. It will be based on remote sensing technology.
The project will help build the capacity of Pakistan Meteorological Department and other agencies responsible for flood forecasting, early warning and management at the national, provincial and district levels. According to an official from the met dept., the project will enhance the institutional capacity of Pakistan, to predict floods as prior as 1 to 14 days by tracking weather and flood waves.
The project will not only bring state of the art technology but will also harness linkages between Pakistani institutions such as Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD), SUPARCO, Federal Flood Commission (FFC), NDMA and Japanese institutions such as International Centre for Water Hazards and Risk Management (ICHARM) which is also a UNESCO Category II Centre and Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA).
The official said the project will not only set up advance technological solutions but will also aim to build capacity of institutions by increasing their existing knowledge and capability to be better prepared and manage the hydro hazards.
“In Pakistan, fortunately we have established institutions, but lessons learnt from the past, hugely emphasize the need of effective coordination among these institutions. These institutions need to be backed by latest modelling and decision support systems, such as Integrated Flood Analysis System (IFAS), to be in sync with the current global benchmarks,” an expert said on anonymity.
He said IFAS is a key technological component of this project, which will not only provide satellite-based inputs but also incorporate ground-based rainfall data, as well as GIS functions to simulate river channel network and to estimate parameters of flood wave analysis and interfaces to display output results for early warning.
He explained that IFAS would upgrade the existing flood forecasting capability, by integrating complex data including rains, precipitation and ground level situation in delivering a complete picture for the minutest detail to fill in the existing gaps.
Source: The News