Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: National development and empowering citizens were primary drivers for government to put in place national geospatial information (GI) policy and spatial data infrastructure (SDI). Every speaker at the session on National GIS Policy on SDI at the third and the final day of the Asia Geospatial Forum 2013 being held here highlighted these issues as trigger points for launching the NSDI intiative.
South Korea, which started the initiative in the mid-nineties, did so after a couple of explosions in underground LNG pipelines that caused huge damages and lowered national competitiveness, revealed Daejong Ki, Head, Centre for Territorial Policy Simulation, Korea Research Institute for Human Settlements. Though a few local governments and public organisations were using GIS in the early 90’s, data duplication and difficulty in sharing data were major problems. The private sector did not have much technological capability in GIS applications which were mainly driven by government-led investments.
Interestingly, once the law formulated in 1995, the country started with mapping all its underground assets before moving to land information system in 1998 and parcel-based land information system in 1999, the latter two combining to make up the Korea Land Information System in 2004.
The goal of the National Geospatial Information System (NGIS) was national competitiveness, improved productivity of administration and information for citizens. Likewise, the national geoportal makes much of geoinformation available to all at the click of the mouse. Daejong added that the Korean government focused on standardisation and open source as it realised early that this would be the basis for a robust GI system.
Similarly, Vietnam, which doesn’t have a clear policy on the development of spatial data, is developing a strategy for NSDI with the target of putting in place by 2020 with the sole aim of developing the country and boosting growth.
According to Pham Minh Hai, Head of Image Surveying and Remote Sensing Department, Vietnam Institute of Geodesy and Cartography, Vietnam Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, the current problems it is facing in this direction are duplication in data production; poor data sharing, where organisations do not want to share data ; lack in uniform data standards; and lack of data management skills. Also, in Vietnam only government agencies and institutions have access to spatial data.
The NSDI seeks to eliminate redundant spatial data; encourage data sharing; facilitate decision making through spatial analysis; and make use of spatial data widespread, thus reducing cost and budgets of projects.
The Department of Survey and Mapping Vietnam, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment is responsible to prepare for a National Committee and a Master Plan of NSDI.
Mongolia is also putting in place a NSDI following the passage of the Mongolia National Development Policy 2008 which was based on millennium development goals, said Chinzorig Batbileg, Land & Geo-Information, Consultant, Nomad Systems LLC. Following this, the government also ushered in a national program on the establishment of integrated registration and information system and unified addressing system based on NSDI.
However, the country has only embarked on a pilot project, for which the province of Darkhan-Uul was chosen because of data availability in the region.
Indonesia has enacted a very interested law to curb misuse of geospatial data. Speaking on law enforcement of geospatial information in Indonesia, Akbar Hiznu Mawanda, revealed that there is a penal provision for eliminating, destroying , moving or changing a physical property that is part of the geodetic networks. There are penal provisions for changing the base geospatial information and disseminating the results without permission from the Geospatial Information Agency.
Mawanda also detailed on how the country has made geospatial data collecting and its processing, storage, dissemination and utilisation more comprehensive. Earlier, geospatial information was not fully available and up to date; was not nationally integrated, and was not accessible easily.
Source: Our Correspondent