Researchers at the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT), in India, have successfully developed an indigenous marine technology,data buoy,for long-term monitoring of surface meteorological and oceanographic parameters in the coastal and deep waters of the Indian seas. These data buoys are aimed at providing accurate data at regular intervals, which help predict climatic changes, cyclones, air pressure and temperature, and even monsoons. The indigenous development will not only bring down the price of the device by one third but will also help Indian government to increase the numbers of data buoys for ocean monitoring.
The data buoys are floating platforms carrying sensors to measure wind speed, wind direction, atmospheric pressure, air temperature, wave parameters, etc. These are equipped with GPS, beacon light and satellite transceiver and are fitted with solar panels to charge the battery pack.
Fully indigenised buoys with INSAT communication have been successfully deployed in shallow waters off Ennore Port and in deep waters of Goa. The INSAT hub system has been commissioned for data transmission from data buoys to various end users like Indian Navy, Ports, Indian Meteorological Department, Coast Guard, etc. This data will be utilised by meteorologists, oceanographers, environmentalists, offshore engineers and scientists, for their reference, research and development activities in the marine related issues.