Japan: A central government ministry of Japan will compile a database of infrastructure locations, flows of people and other geographical information for improved disaster management measures, such as where to send disaster victims and how to transport relief supplies.
The database, to be set up by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, will be compiled from information provided by local governments and private-sector companies. The ministry also plans to make the database available to the public to encourage the development of new business ventures. The system will include map data, owned by the Geospatial Information Authority of Japan and covering the entire country, which will serve as base information. Local governments and private-sector companies are expected to add a variety of information on top of that map data. The additional data will include locations of infrastructure, such as water pipes and gas pipes, and information on the flows of people, held by cellphone carriers and railway companies. The database is expected to allow users to gain an understanding of where emergency resources are being stored and where many people are being evacuated, to help them more efficiently distribute relief supplies.