US: Land information systems (LIS) and Internet-based databases have the power to transform community development, making it possible to harness technology to revitalise urban areas and create affordable housing where it is most needed, according to a new report by the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.
Transforming Community Development with Land Information Systems by Sarah Treuhaft and G. Thomas Kingsley, is the latest Policy Focus Report published by the Lincoln Institute, a think tank in Cambridge, Massachusetts, that includes a focus on economic and community development.
Many cities now make some or all of their parcel data available on the Web. Fulfilling the promise of parcel data systems in the creation of sustainable and equitable communities requires support from government at all levels, institutions and foundations to bring emerging solutions to scale, disseminate best practices and foster continued innovation, the report said.
The report includes a synopsis of the evolution of parcel data systems and recent advanced applications, as well as five case studies from Chicago, Cleveland, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Philadelphia and Washington, D.C., that illustrate the use of new technology in facilitating revitalisation, improving vacant lots, building on affordable housing initiatives, heading off foreclosures, or integrating neighbourhood efforts into a larger regional framework.
“To make the right choices for their neighbourhoods, people need the right information,” said Treuhaft, a senior associate at PolicyLink in Oakland, California and report co-author. “Detailed, accessible information is critical, whether in the current national foreclosure crisis or ongoing gentrification struggles. With more and better data, we can develop more effective strategies to solve many of the biggest challenges facing America’s neighbourhoods.”
Kingsley, principal research associate and expert on housing, urban policy, and governance issues at the Urban Institute in Washington, D.C., and report co-author, said that he was surprised to see how having the same concrete information in front of all the players – whether city officials or various advocacy groups – led to collaboration and creativity.
“Instead of just having conversations about how bad they thought the problem was in the abstract, they were able to see which specific properties were affected and examine relevant characteristics of those properties in comparison to each other,” Kingsley said. “This stimulated those who knew about specific cases to provide additional information and make suggestions about preservation actions that would never have emerged if they had not all been working together directly with the data.”
The full report, Transforming Community Development with Land Information Systems, can be downloaded here.