Iran: The Head of Iran Space Agency (ISA) Hamid Fazeli has told media that Iran is ready to launch three domestically-built satellites this year. Fazeli cited the names of the satellites as 'Tadbir' (Prudence) and 'Sharif Sat' and 'Fajr'.
The 'SharifSat', which is capable of capturing high-resolution colour images, was to be sent into orbit two years ago, but the launch was delayed to further modernise, optimise and add more functions to the system. The 50-kg imaging satellite's resolution is capable of reaching five meters.
The 'Tadbir' satellite is being developed in cooperation with the Iran University of Science and Technology. Tadbir is an upgraded version of the 'Navid-e Elm-o Sanat' (Harbinger of Science and Industry) satellite, which was put into orbit earlier. The satellite has Global Positioning System (GPS) as well as greater precision in taking photos compared to the one preceding it.
Iranian students and academics from the Sharif University of Technology prepared the ˈSharif Satˈ for lift-off, while 'Fajr' was designed and constructed by the Defence Ministry. The country launched its first indigenous satellite, Omid (Hope), in 2009, and also sent its first bio-capsule containing living creatures into space in February 2010, using the indigenous Kavoshgar-3 (Explorer-3) carrier.