Indonesia: In 2011, Indonesia will have a detailed map of disaster-prone areas in the country which is expected to help provincial administrations develop better urban planning for disaster mitigation, according to Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, Director – disaster risk reduction, National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB), Indonesia.
Nugroho said, “The map will feature all 33 provinces in Indonesia and display the risk potential within each province. According to the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, Indonesia will be the first country to have such a detailed map. The map should be included as a consideration in every city’s urban planning.”
The map will be created by the National Coordinating Agency for Surveys and Mapping (Bakosurtanal). It will be jointly funded by the government and the United Nations.
Sutopo said that if an area was marked as disaster-prone on the map, the regional government would be urged against building there. However, if development in the area was inevitable due to overpopulation and demographic shifts, construction should meet standards that would enable the structures to withstand disasters, even though the cost would be more expensive.
According to the BNPB, one in three of Indonesia’s 73,000 villages are at high risk of being hit by disasters — mainly earthquakes, tsunamis, floods and landslides.