New Delhi, India: The Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India, Ministry of Home Affairs on March 31 published the provisional population totals based on Census 2011 data.
According to the provisional population totals, India’s decadal population growth rate continues its predictable decline from the peak of 24.8 percent over 1961-71, touching 17.64 percent, the lowest since Independence. This, though, is higher than the Central Statistical Organisation’s estimate, resulting in the enumerated total population being 121 crore, about 3 crore higher than the Central Statistical Organisation’s (CSO) forecast. Economic Times reported that population growth in Assam and West Bengal is lower than the national average, suggesting that fears in some quarters over an immigrant flood from Bangladesh are greatly exaggerated.
|Population, 2001 (States/ Territories)||Population, 2011 (States/ Territories)|
On literacy front, total literacy rate has improved 9.2 percentage points to 74 percent. Moreover, it is heartening to note that female literacy has gone up sharply, moving up 11.7 percentage points to 65.46 percent. Male literacy, too, has climbed, albeit more slowly, rising 6.8 percentage points to reach 82.14 percent. But the story is starkly different when it comes to measures of gender equality. The sex ratio measures the number of females in the population to 1,000 males. In the absence of discrimination, the ratio would be above 1,000. The actual ratio is 940 for 2011, up from 933 in 2001.
|India in World Population|
|Population growth rate, India and selected Countries: 2000-2010|
Earlier in an interview with Geospatial World, Dr. C Chandramouli, Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India, said, “With Census 2011, we are hoping to bring in dynamic information rather than offering static data. So far, we have been producing thematic data, but we are now evolving to offer a GIS based decision support system (DSS) for policy makers by bringing spatial and non-spatial data together.”
Census 2011 boasts the tag line, Our Census, Our Future. According to Economic Times report, Census data would play a role in shaping the future if it is made available in time to form the basis of policy. It appears that the complete 2011 Census data would be made available relatively fast, living up to that promise.