India: The Indian government on Wednesday cleared the National Hydrology project that involves collecting of hydro-metrological data using remote sensing and various other information systems and technologies. The scheme will help address the water crisis in the country and suggest efficient water management policies in the country.
The government, therefore, has allotted Rs.3,679-crore for the project. Using remote sensing as a tool, the government can inform the public about how much water is available in the Earth and assist farmers in planning their crops and other farm-related activities. The data collected would be collected using various information systems and technologies.
Briefing reporters on the cabinet decision, telecom minister Ravi Shankar Prasad said the decision was taken to collect and store national hydro-metrological data on real time and digitize it for proper forecasting of water availability. The project has been approved keeping long-term prospects in mind, the minister said. The water resource assessment will inform farmers about the ground water position to plan their crops and promote efficient use of groundwater at the village level.
The government plans to use the data to increase the lead time in flood forecasting from one to at least three days, map flood inundation areas and assess surface and ground water resources in a river basin for better planning and allocation for Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) and other government schemes.
It will also help develop a real-time flood forecasting model so that it does not result in sudden opening of gates which inundates the downstream area. It will also integrate water resource management by adopting a river basin approach through collation and management of hydro-meteorological data.