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India takes a tumble in the scientific ranks

India has been eclipsed by China as the largest scientific power in the developing world, and is set to fall behind other, far smaller nations, according to an assessment of its scientific productivity.

A study reported in the Indian journal Current Science shows that although the total number of papers published by Indian scientists only fell slightly over the past 20 years, output from China, South Korea and Brazil expanded massively for the same period.

In 1973 India was the eighth-largest producer of scientific papers in the world, and accounted for nearly half of the developing world’s total output of papers. By 2000, it had slipped back to fifteenth in the world ranking.