Floods have reached, between 2008 and 2012, about 1,543 municipalities, the equivalent of 27.7 % of the cities in Brazil, which resulted in reports of 8,942 incidents, which left 1.4 million people homeless or displaced(who had to leave temporarily their homes) across the country. The information is part of the Survey of Basic Municipal Information (MUNIC) 2013, that the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) is releasing today (30).
The research presents data related to management and structure of Brazilian municipalities from collecting information about seven topics: Profile of municipal managers, human resources, legislation and planning instruments, health, environment, gender politics and risk management, and disaster response.
Regarding to floods, the publication found that floods affected 1.574 cities (28,2% of total); and totaled 13,244 cases, resulting in 777,5 thousand displaced or homeless; while the flooding reached 2,065 municipalities (37.1%) , which resulted in erosive processes in 1.113 cities (20% of total), with landslides and mudslides reaching 16% of municipalities: 895.
This is the first time that MUNIC investigates specific issues about urban planning for the preservation, reduction and management of risks and disasters. According to the IBGE, however, almost half of the Brazilian municipalities do not manage risks and disasters.
The data collected indicate that, in 2013, 51.9% (2,892 municipalities) had at least one of the 12 urban planning instruments surveyed, meaning that 2,676 municipalities (48 %) did not perform any action on risk management and disaster.
The survey also showed that 33% of the cities had at least one of the seven planning tools surveyed, while the same percentage of them had at least one tool for managing disasters resulting from floods and 21.1 % had at least an instrument related to mudslides or landslides.
The full publication can be accessed through the link http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/economia/perfilmunic/2013/ . Check out the full launch of the publication of MUNIC 2013.
Source: Agencia Brasil/IBGE