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GLONASS to provide global coverage by year end

Russia: Russia will accelerate the pace of communications satellite launches to give its GLONASS navigation satellite system full global coverage capacity by the end of the year, according to Anatoly Shilov, a spokesman for Russia’s National Space Agency. Shilov said that Russia’s national space agency is planning to place into orbit six new GLONASS navigation satellites by the end of 2011.

GLONASS is a Russia-developed satellite-navigation system similar to the US-developed GPS. The Russian network currently operates 23 satellites, giving coverage of Russia and the former Soviet . It needs between 25 and 30 aloft to provide global coverage, according to news reports.

A top government priority for GLONASS is tracking automobiles and helping motorists find routes, said Vice Premier Sergei Ivanov, who, like Shilov, spoke at a Moscow satellite communications conference. All lorries operating in Russia will, by the end of 2014, be equipped with a GLONASS-technology transponder which will assist the government in collecting road tax and providing quick assistance in case of accidents, Ivanov said. Testing of the lorry-tracking system, called ERA, will begin by the end of 2011, he added.

Once the GLONASS global satellite constellation is complete at 30 satellites, it will be able to pinpoint users’ locations with less than a three-metre margin of error – which would make the Russian system roughly twice as accurate as the US’ GPS system, Shilov informed.

Russia over the last decade has spent some 4.7 billion dollars on putting GLONASS into operation, making the satellite communications network the country’s most expensive space project.

Source: The Hindu