Peru: The International Potato Centre (CIP) has developed mapping tools to anticipate the adverse effects of erosion, urbanization, tourism, mining, and climate change on the potato species.
Initially, the GIS system was developed to support the collection of germplasm for the genebank, and exploring potential locations for growing and finding new strains of tubers. Today, the CIP uses its GIS system for mapping of areas to show the visible effects of climate change on potato production. It is also used for analysing migration patterns and the effects of mining on potato production. The GIS system also incorporates all the information collected over 40 years into a map which helps in measuring and identifying gaps in the conservation of biodiversity by comparing projections against the evolution of collected materials over time in a large area. It also supports ‘Rainbow Route’ in Quechua, a project which monitors and promotes the agrobiodiversity and conservation of the native potato by means of interconnecting microcenters of high diversity across several Latin America countries. GIS establishes a baseline for the systematic monitoring of microcenters, which make up the core nucleus of the project. This baseline serves as a photograph that helps CIP understand the actual state of conservation for the diversity of cultivated potatoes in the communities selected under the project.