US: A pilot project for the Geospatial Information System for Fire Management (SIGMA-I) in Guatemala has been developed. It aims to generate tools that highlight the importance of systematic and informed planning for prevention and control of wildfires. It is expected that the data and information generated will increase the visibility of the problem of fires in the country. The programme will facilitate the management of more resources for fire management and reinforce permanent monitoring mechanisms at the national level.
SIGMA-I could be possible with the support of the US Agency for International Development (USAID), NASA, and the Water Center for the Humid Tropics of Latin America and the Caribbean or CATHALAC in the context of SERVIR-Mesoamerica.
In the last few years, fire incidence in Guatemala has increased, damaging and transforming wild areas into degraded forests, savannas and sterile lands. Atrocious events have been registered in which millions of hectares including forests and wild lands burned, in some cases recurrently. So, there is huge expectation from SIGMA-I.
SIGMA-1 project products include:
– Fire Atlas of Guatemala: Composed of two main products: a) a compilation of ignition data (satellite observations of hot spots) and their contextual analysis from the perspective of their relation to social-environmental and temporal factors, and b) fire scars derived from medium-resolution satellite data (Landsat TM, Landsat ETM, ASTER) during the period 1998-2009 for the entire country, and a map of fire scar recurrence and statistics derived from the datasets produced.
– Pattern analysis and ignition cause model: A map of ignition risk derived from statistical analysis of factors associated with fire and ignition occurrence, associated statistics for administrative units and protected areas as well as a diagnosis of causes and patterns of fire occurrence in Guatemala.
– Dynamic fire risk evaluation system: A fire risk evaluation system in near-real time with daily updates based on climatic parameters that allows for the evaluation of fire propagation and occurrence risk in a spatial manner throughout the country, and a diagnosis of climate’s influence on fire propagation risk in Guatemala.
– Synthesis: Synthesis products include a) national project report, b) ignition poster, c) fire scar poster, d) poster of the pattern analysis and ignition cause model, e) poster of the dynamic fire risk evaluation system, f) compilation of geospatial data generated, and g) compilation of intermediate products generated (presentations, reports).