Greater Noida: As GeoSmart India 2016 reached in its last leg, the hot topic of the hour – Climate Change, was discussed at India Expo mart, Greater Noida. In a key address delivered by Dr. Akhilesh Gupta, Advisor of Dept. of Science and Technology, said, things have changed at national and international level with respect to climate change.
The fifth assessment report conducted by the UN on climate change acknowledges human influence as the core issue responsible for climate change. The situation is grave as 2015 has been an extremely high El-Nino year, and emissions in last year are far higher than ever.
Countries lying close to the sea – for example Bangladesh and Maldives – are prone to deadly flooding caused by climate change. Continued emissions of green house gases will cause further warming and changes in the climate system. On top of that, land temperature is high and ocean’s temperature is also rising, adding to climate change.
According to projected climate changes, oceans will continue to warm during the 21st century; global mean sea level will continue to rise; the Arctic sea ice cover will continue to shrink and thin as global mean surface temperature rises; and global glacier volume will decrease further.
To counter this, India’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) policy underlines measures to create an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of Co2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030. The policy also focus on enhancing investment in development programmes in sectors like agriculture, water resources, Himalayan region, coastal regions, health and disaster management that can play an active role to counter climate change.
National missions like using solar energy, enhancing energy efficiency, sustainable habitat, water mission, or mission for a green India, etc. can contribute enormously to India’s aspiration to fight climate change.
Source: Our Correspondent