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Experts advocate use of modern tech in land administration

Gurgaon, India: Land titling in India is a challenge of enormous proportions owing to the mammoth area that needs to be covered and the size of population, indicated John Whitehead, APAC Manager, Emerging Markets and Funded Projects, Trimble, Singapore as he brought to light the most serious challenge facing effective land administration in India. The session titled ‘Role of Geospatial Technology in Effective Land Administration: Benefits, Road Map and Challenges’ brought to light the current state of land administration in India, the urgent need to modernise and computerise land records and how geospatial technology can be used to ensure more effective land tenure systems.

Several speakers from government and private organisations participated in the day-long session and deliberated on various issues such as capacity building, digitisation of old spatial records and correlating those with the resurvey records, carrying out ground surveys using latest technologies and the need for proper demarcation of land parcels to promote effective land administration. The day was divided into separate tracks on Computerisation of Land Records/Creation of LIS Issues Related to Delineation/Demarcation of Boundaries, Applications of Geomatics/Digital Mapping Technology and Establishment of LIS/Databases for Land Administration/Capacity Building.

The National Land Records Management Programme (NLRMP) remained a major point of deliberation during the day with several speakers citing it as an example of notable work done in the field of land management in India.

The inaugural session started on a positive note with Dr. M K Munshi, Advisor, Geospatial Media and Communications giving an extensive presentation on land administration in India. The presentation highlighted various initiatives of Department of Land Records in this direction and emphasised how proper support at the central and state levels can help the successful implementation of geospatial technology in the field.

Subsequently, Prabhu Dayal Meena, Additional Secretary, Department of Land Resources informed the gathering about some of the ongoing programmes at DoLR. Naming the Computerisation of Land Records and Modernisation of Land Records programmes, he informed that there was rapid progress in the direction with some states having stopped the use of manual recording altogether while others putting their records online. He also talked about the National Land Records Management Programme (NLRMP), which aims to modernise and build up an integrated land records management system with the help of modern technologies. He concluded by saying that the ministry plans to setup a National Institute for Land Management (NILM) that will work to build capacity in the area and educate states on evolving policy level guidelines.

John Whitehead gave an interesting presentation on how strategies implemented by various countries can be applied in India. Citing the example of China, he informed that although the country lacks a parcel-based land cadastre, it is ready to roll out land titles as a result of its massive geodetic infrastructure investment.

U N Mishra, Director, Geodetic & Research Branch, Survey of India explained the significance of a datum and coordinate system to perform surveying and mapping and also informed about the completion of the first phase of the ground control point library.

P V Rajasekhar, Director, Survey of India explained the significance of capacity building in his presentation titled Legal Cadastre: Training. According to him, some of the aspects that need to be considered in surveying are reference system, support in surveying, instruments and resources.

Representatives from the industry also shared their perspective on how geospatial technology can become an effective tool for land management in the country and also shared several examples of how other countries around the world have successfully employed latest technologies in this area.

Source: Our Correspondent