Ecuador: National Secretariat of Planning and Development (SENPLADES), Ecuador, seeks to update and systematise the database sectional territorial entities. It aims to validate spatial information of each autonomous governments and public institutions by 2012.
This will help to know the reality of the country and also will make the government more efficient and closer to the needs of individuals, as indicated by the Secretary of Senplades, Jaime Roca.
At present, most public institutions manage disparate data, and information may not allow adequate planning equitable social programmes, said the secretary of the National Research System, Alejandra Calderon. Another drawback is that officials do not know how to use information, as an example, they have used only 20 per cent of data collected in the Census of Population and Housing 2001.
Given this, one of the main tasks of the National Information System (SNI), Ecuador, is to train officials of the sectional bodies on the management of cartographic and spatial information, which is obtained by the Military Geographical Institute (IGM), the National System of Rural Land (SIGTIERRAS), the Center for Survey of Natural Resources by Remote Sensing (CLIRSEN) and the National Institute of Statistics and Censuses (INEC).
From April, 2010; IGM have done mapping of provinces and cantons in the country, which uses modern resources such as orthophotos. This is a very vital tool for planning of land registers, civil works and agricultural development, and to visualise the complexity of a territory, said Col. Danilo Cardenas, director of the IGM.
IGM coach, Fabian Santamaria, explained that orthophoto makes measurements of rivers, volcanoes, roads and buildings possible, and also helps establish land use and landslide risk areas. Further he added that geographic information is important for institutions to have a system of information to establish projects with accurate data.
Source: El Telegrafo