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China to develop system to count carbon emissions

Beijing, China: China will develop its own system for monitoring and accurately calculating the country’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, according to Ding Zhongli, Vice President of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). In addition, China also plans to set up a system to monitor atmospheric CO2 concentration through remote sensing satellite, aerial and ground monitoring, and atmospheric modelling, he told to a China daily.
Zhongli explained that there is no comparable system in place currently and its creation will help the country find out exactly how much GHG it emits, knowledge which is an essential basis for China’s carbon emission reduction efforts.
Researchers will compile GHG emission lists for quantitative evaluation of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions generated through both natural process and human activities, as part of an ongoing research program led by CAS. The list will cover major human activities that cause emissions such as energy utilisation, cement production, land use and livestock farming.
According to the CAS vice president, the expected rapid growth in China’s per-capita CO2 emission in the next 10 to 15 years poses challenges for accurate calculation of CO2 emission. He said that many factors, such as technologies used in coal consumption, could lead to miscalculation, thus a misunderstanding of carbon emission by China, which is emerging as a big emitter.
“Northeast China is likely to enjoy better climatic conditions for rice growing due to global warming, while north China suffers less precipitation and droughts. We will evaluate global warming’s impacts over a longer span on each region and provide advice for adaptation,” Ding observed.
He stressed that the programme also includes research on the carbon sequestration potential of forest, grassland, farmland and wetland.
The report says China’s manmade forest reserve has reached 62 million hectares, accounting for one third of the national forest coverage. The forest coverage rate rose from 18.21 percent in 2005 to 20.36 percent in 2010, and will further increase to 21.66 percent by 2015.
Source: Xinhua