The National Civil Aviation Agency (ANAC) has authorized the operation of a 7 pounds drone which is launched from a catapult and operates 100% automatically, according to the engineer Amianti Giovani, who developed the model.
The Echar 20, owned by the company XMobots of São Carlos (230 km from São Paulo), now becomes the fifth unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) civil allowed to fly in Brazilian skies. In May 2013, the company received the first Authorization to Experiment Flights (Cave) to use a private civil drone, allowing the start of operations of Nauru 500, a 15 pounds plane that can reach up to 78 miles away.
According to ANAC, the document was sent to XMobots in late December, but the company says it still had validations that need to be finalized and the tests were made in January by the company.
The Echar is has 2.13 meters wingspan, 0.42 meters tall and is launched by a catapult, which starts the system. It has a communication range of up to 10 km from the control terminal and 70 minutes of flight. The XMobots is selling units of the model for research institutes and universities that will use the aircraft for studies in precision agriculture and weather forecast. The new drone can reach an altitude of up to 3000 meters.
By 2013, only the Federal Police had accreditation to operate civilian UAVs – two aircraft purchased from Israel. Besides the two models of XMobots, in August, a drone produced by the University of Brasilia (UNB) for the National Department of Mineral Production (DNPM) also received authorization to monitor illegal mining.
Estimates released claim that there are more than 200 drones operating in Brazil without an existing regulation for the use of these aircraft. The expectation of the national defense industry is that in this February ANAC submit a proposal to facilitate the commercial operation of small drones in the Brazil.