Headquartered in Norwalk, Connecticut, U.S., ABB, the power and automation technology group, said recently that it has won a $10 million contract to supply the main component for a new satellite that will enable the Japanese government to study and measure greenhouse gases in support of the Kyoto protocol. The contract is with NEC Toshiba Space Systems, the primary equipment supplier to Japan’s Greenhouse Gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT) program. GOSAT is being jointly developed by Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), the National Institute for Environmental Studies, and Japan’s Ministry of Environment. The satellite will be launched by JAXA in 2008.
ABB will supply the Michelson interferometer of the Fourier Transform Spectrometer, a system that will collect and transmit – up to 30 times daily — precise atmospheric measurements from 650 kilometers above the earth. The measurements will be used to chart and evaluate the atmosphere’s carbon dioxide and methane levels. GOSAT is the first mission to measure global CO2 assessments. GOSAT targets the ambitious mission of measuring the annual variations of CO2 in the range of 0.3%. The interferometer is being supplied by ABB Analytical’s Remote Sensing business based in Quebec City.