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What is Geoconstruction and why is it required?

With the increasing population and mass urbanization along with pressure of modernization on developing countries, the construction and infrastructure industry is growing rapidly. But, it’s a mere co-incidence that the industry is still considered the least digitalized one. Construction industry still uses traditional method ignoring the fact that the digitalizing it could speed up the pace of development.

At this point of time, the industry requires a drastic change in the way projects are handled. It needs the power of geospatial technologies which can significantly reduce risks and enhance bankability of infrastructure projects and improve their viability and asset lifecycle. Geospatial data analytics generated by billions of devices around the world can provide additional insight engineers and architectures helping the construction industry cut costs and improve efficiency. When architects and engineers use real-time planning, it becomes easier to draw up accurate estimates as they are incorporate the latest information into their estimates rather than out-of-date data. Thus, the construction industry uses resources more efficiently due to accurate estimates.

Alongside, integrating modern technologies like, BIM, IoT, Cloud, AR/VR with geospatial as the critical element to converge in building a more integrated system for modelling and executing construction projects.  Adopting emerging and converging technologies infused with location intelligence will enable the industry in efficiently managing the volume of work that lies ahead.

Also Read: Benefits of digitalizing construction industry

For example, 3D modelling in BIM brings several benefits to the construction industry. With 3D modelling, architects can streamline the entire planning process. It will be easier for them to identify shortcomings of a design while using a 3D model. Thus, the amount of work needed to adjust and finalize the design is reduced. Furthermore, architects can improve energy efficiency and building usability with a 3D model.

If geospatial analytics is incorporated into 3D modelling, architects and engineers will have more information on their hands. Thus, they can anticipate potential problems and plan around these obstacles, and reduce inefficiency and errors in design.

Numerous industry experts now believe that Building Information Modelling (BIM) and Geo Information Modelling (GIM) will bring highly productive outcomes in digital construction. If infrastructure project stakeholders want to manage the infrastructure of different classes, they must be able to operate on GIS and BIM as a continuum. It all depends on the type of information they need. Geographic information is an important component of the entire decision-making process in construction. Spatial information modeling enables people from different segments of the construction lifecycle to share a common picture of the project. Geospatial extends the value of BIM through the visualization of the where.

With growing urbanization, urban planning is becoming more complex. Urban area consists of transport infrastructure, buildings, public spaces and other supporting infrastructures.  For the development of any infrastructure, there has to be a tool to monitor and manage the entire project lifecycle from its planning to the construction and maintenance of the infrastructure as well as a tool which allows the infrastructure to be modelled in an accurate geospatial context.

Explore more about Geoconstruction at Geosmart India 2019.