Ancient city maps are important to trace human existence in the history. These early world maps provide key evidences to trace human history through classical antiquity. Below you’ll find 10 maps of the world’s ancient cities.
The largest city in the Syrian region, Aleppo is the largest populous state in Syria. It is also an ancient metropolis, and one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.The city may have been inhabited since the 6th millennium BC.
Alexandria was founded around a small Ancient Egyptian town in 331 BC by Alexander the Great. It became an important center of the Hellenistic civilization and remained the capital of Hellenistic and Roman and Byzantine Egypt for almost 1,000 years until the Muslim conquest of Egypt in AD 641.
Athens is the capital and largest city of Greece. It is one of the world’s oldest cities, with its recorded history spanning over 3,400 years, and its earliest human presence starting somewhere between the 11th and 7th millennia BC.
Babylonia, or Babylon, was a major city of ancient Mesopotamia in the fertile plain between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The city was built upon the Euphrates and divided in equal parts along its left and right banks, with steep embankments to contain the river’s seasonal floods. Babylon was originally a small Semitic Akkadian city dating from the period of the Akkadian Empire c. 2300 BC.
Damascus is the largest city of Syria. A one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, Damascus is commonly known in Syria as ash-Sham and nicknamed as the City of Jasmine.
6Mohenjo Daro, Pakistan
Mohenjo-daro is an archeological site in the province of Sindh, Pakistan. Built around 2500 BCE, it was one of the largest settlements of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, and one of the world’s earliest major urban settlements. Mohenjo-daro was abandoned in the 19th century BCE as the Indus Valley Civilization declined, and the site was not rediscovered until the 1920s.
Jerusalem is one of the oldest cities in the world, that is located in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea. Significant construction activity in Jerusalem began in the 9th century BCE, and in the 8th century the city developed into the religious and administrative center of the Kingdom of Judah.
8Machu Picchu, Peru
Machu Picchu is a 15th-century Inca citadel situated on a mountain ridge 2,430 metres (7,970 ft) above sea level. It is the most familiar icon of Inca civilization. The Incas built the estate around 1450 but abandoned it a century later at the time of the Spanish Conquest.
9Mayan Civilisation, Mexico
The Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya peoples, and noted for its hieroglyphic script—the only known fully developed writing system of the pre-Columbian Americas. The first Maya cities developed around 750 BC, and by 500 BC these cities possessed monumental architecture, including large temples with elaborate stucco façades.
10Varanasi (Benares), India
Varanasi, also known as Benares, is a city on the banks of the Ganges in Uttar Pradesh, is the earliest known settlements around Varanasi in the Ganges valley that began in the 20th century BC. It is also the world’s oldest continually inhabited cities according to Kenneth Fletcher. Recent excavations at Aktha and Ramnagar, two sites very near to Varanasi, show them to be from 1800 BC, suggesting Varanasi was also inhabited by this time.