Maps have become one of the most trusted tools to find out the effect of COVID-19 all over the world. It is not just helping governments and policymakers to take adequate steps to mitigate COVID-19 but are also helping citizens so that they can keep themselves safe and if have any sign of infection can easily reach out to the nearest healthcare facility or test center. In the United States of America, which has now become the epicenter of novel coronavirus various maps are providing useful information to citizens and policymakers to analyze the situation. Let us have a look at some of the maps to see the current situation there.
For severe COVID-19 patients, medical ventilators can spell the difference between life and death. Many locations in the US are already experiencing shortages. Fortunately, the dynamics of the pandemic differ from one place to another, creating opportunities to mitigate shortages by dynamically allocating the global ventilator supply. The Operations Research Center at Massachusetts Institute of Technology has created a map illustrating the availability of ventilators in states across the US. It has created an optimization model to support interstate transfers for the purpose of reducing ventilator shortages as quickly and efficiently as possible. The map projects, baseline ventilator shortage, current ventilator supply, and projected ventilator demand. The number of ventilators in the United States currently exceeds the national demand, but considering that the dynamics of the pandemic differ between states and regions, some locations are experiencing shortages.
Pollution causing more deaths
Pollution has always been fatal and during the time of COVID-19 crisis it is making the situation more worse. A research report by Xiao Wu MS, Rachel C. Nethery PhD, M. Benjamin Sabath MA, Danielle Braun PhD, Francesca Dominici PhD who are researchers of the Department of Biostatistics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Heath, Boston, USA find out that In the United States, more deaths from COVID-19 are occurring in areas with higher air pollution levels. The study found that for every one microgram per cubic meter of fine particulate matter (PM2.5), COVID-19 mortality rises by 15%. Researchers theorize because the fine particulate matter can negatively affect the respiratory and cardiovascular systems, people with prolonged exposure are more vulnerable to the effects of COVID-19. The authors found, if New York City’s PM2.5 had been one microgram per cubic meter lower over the last twenty years, 248 lives potentially could have been saved in Manhattan alone
Map shows decreased population of New York
New Yorkers Flee the City When the novel coronavirus hit the USA, a map generated by the New York Times and Descartes labs analyses that many of the New York City residents flew out to save themselves from infection as soon as they came to know that the city is the epicenter of the virus. From 1st of March to May 1 more than 42,0,000 New Yorkers fled to Long Island or further upstate, as well as to the surrounding counties in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Connecticut. The change was seen in city’s very wealthiest blocks like the Upper East Side, the West Village, SoHo and Brooklyn Heights, the residential population decreased by 40 percent or more, However, the rest of the city saw comparably modest changes. Multiple sources of smartphone location data were used to determine the value and were then presented on map. The map depicts the share of people who lived in New York City over a two-week period in February 2020 but who were not living there on May 1, 2020.