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Geospatial powering 5G and revolutionizing telecom sector

5G is the biggest breakthrough in telecommunications whose impact would extend across verticals including utilities and public safety. It will also be a crucial pillar of the 4th Industrial Revolution and power technologies ranging from autonomous driving to IoT.

As the culmination of the process that will take us on a new trajectory of technological innovation, 5G has new framework that merges Cloud, Big Data, IoT, automation and AI to gain insights generated from billions of connected devices.

At the Geospatial World Forum 2020 session on‘GEO4Telcos: Geo Enabling 5G Operators’, light will be shed on the way geospatial and 5G together will empower the telecom sector.

Some of the key themes that will be discussed: 5G Plan & Design, maximizing ROI, operational awareness, 5G security and monetization of IoT

5G, Telcos will need to make upgrades to their core connectivity infrastructure and offer improved and expanded services to customers – through the use of small cells, network densification (adding more cells to serve more customers), installing more fiber infrastructure, and improving spectrum efficiency.

Geospatial and 5G are interconnected. Accurate location information helps governments design better cities, focus public services and engage with citizens. And as cities get smarter, much of this location data have to be in real time. 5G’s higher frequencies — which is needed to carry huge amounts of data — have very short range which can be impacted by smallest of the obstructions. The signal is so sensitive it can be blocked by the palm of your hand, or even a raindrop. Therefore, accurate, authoritative geospatial data is fundamental here.

5G will also require denser telecom network — more towers placed selectively and strategically. Not just accurate geodata but advanced spatial analytics from tools like those from Esri is also crucial to planning placement of such infrastructure.

Due to the extensive technological sophistication of 5G, selecting a site for 5G cells is more complex than selecting a site for 3G or 4G. The main advantage of 5G is that if one cell site is not working; the other site would cater to customer demands. Telcos require thorough understanding and analysis of the location of their network assets, facilities and customers’ demography.

5G wireless promises higher capacity, more reliability, lower latency and improved coverage, thus bringing greater accuracy in positioning services. since telecom-based positioning technologies requires telecom stations to be synchronized to nanoseconds relative to each other.

With positioning expected to improve to sub-meter accuracy to even support 3D location estimates, technologies like autonomous vehicles and smart transportation and intelligent traffic systems will naturally get a boost.