Ranked first in the Countries Geospatial Readiness Index, the United States is the leader in the Geospatial infrastructure and policy framework index and for a good reason too. The growth of the geospatial industry in the United States has been revolutionary. This is accredited to the country’s vibrant geospatial infrastructure and a dynamic policy framework. The United States has rich topographic data sets, earth observation capabilities (satellites), a wide RTK Network and an augmentation system (WAAS). The country has a clearly defined policy framework for the growth of the geospatial industry and follows internationally recognized geospatial standards. Overall, the country ranks at number one for it leads in all attributes of the geospatial infrastructure and policy framework pillar of the Geospatial Readiness Index.
Why Geospatial Infrastructure and Policy Framework?
In my previous blog, I had highlighted the world’s most geospatial ready countries. Also discussed were the four pillars on which 50 selected countries have been evaluated for the Countries Geospatial Readiness Index. The first assessment pillar, in this regard, is the Geospatial Infrastructure and Policy Framework. The pillar is fundamental to determining the geospatial readiness of any country. Geospatial data plays a crucial role in the decision-making process across a broad range of industry segments. This leads to the economic growth of an economy. Therefore, accessing, sharing and using the geospatial data forms the essence of the geospatial infrastructure. Similarly, a progressive policy framework for the geospatial industry makes it easy to adopt and use geospatial technologies while simultaneously supporting the development of an efficient geospatial data infrastructure.
Geospatial Infrastructure and Policy Framework: Key takeaways
The United States ranks first, but it is the European nations dominating the readiness for the geospatial infrastructure and policy framework pillar. European countries that rank highest in the ranking are – the Netherlands, Denmark, Germany, and France. While these countries have their own geospatial data infrastructure, they are governed by a common directive of the European Union – the INSPIRE Directive. The INSPIRE Directive aims to establish a common platform for spatial information in Europe since 2007. In terms of Earth Observation capacity and positioning infrastructure, sub-determinants of the pillar, the European nations showcase a strong foothold.
Similarly, Singapore, Japan, and China are three Asian economies dominant in the readiness index for geospatial infrastructure and policy framework. These countries have a strong geospatial infrastructure and an empowering policy framework that facilitates the growth of the geospatial industry exponentially. For instance, the government of Singapore has been harnessing the potential brought in by the geospatial explosion of the 90’s through enabling legal frameworks. On the other hand, legal decision makers in Japan enacted the NSDI Act of Japan in 2007 to advance the use of geospatial information. Additionally, China ranks in the top 5 for three sub-determinants of the geospatial infrastructure and policy framework pillar. The country has an exceptional geodetic infrastructure, a thriving geospatial policy and well-defined data standards at the core of its success.
Developing countries like India, Malaysia, South Africa, etc., feature in the middle range of this readiness sub-index. Countries at this level have a decent geospatial infrastructure that supports the growth of geospatial in the country. The policy framework in these countries is at the implementation stage as the need for extensive use of geospatial is now being realized.
Underdeveloped nations, or beginner nations such as Bangladesh, Kyrgyz Republic, etc., are at the very beginning stage of setting up their spatial data infrastructure and lack the adequate legal framework. These countries would require considerable time to develop the geospatial infrastructure and policy framework. While these economies might be at the beginner level, their enthusiasm in expediting the development of necessary infrastructure and legal framework is commendable.
What is evident from the above discussion is the enormous gap between developed countries and the under-developed countries. Do you want to know where this difference stems from? Do you want to know if your country is ready in the Geospatial Infrastructure and Policy Framework pillar of the Geospatial Readiness Index? If yes, download the Global Geospatial Industry Outlook now!