head of maritime territory division research agency for marine and fisheries,
department of marine and fisheries affairs, jakarta
Budi Sulistiyo, head of Maritime Territory Division, discusses the status and issues pertaining to conservation and management of marine resources in Indonesia in addition to the initiatives and priorities of Agency for Marine and Fisheries Research
What is the status of marine resources in Indonesia?
Indonesian water has an area of at least 5.6 millions km2 with its coastline 81,000 km long, with resources potency, especially its marine fisheries resources potency which are not only enormous in quantity but also in diversity. The marine fisheries eternal resources is estimated 6.4 million tonnes per year which spreads out on Indonesian Waters and Indonesian EEZ (Economic Exclusive Zone), which divided into nine Indonesian Major Waters. From all the above fisheries resources, the allowable catch (JTB) is 5.12 millions tonnes per year or about 80 % of the eternal resource, but nowadays the potency has been utilized only 4 million tonnes in 2002 or only 78.13 % from the allowable catch (JTB). Besides that, Indonesia is still allowed to participate in managing and utilizing off-shore natural resources outside the 200-nautical-mile-line of EEZ, and also exploitation and utilizing the submarine resources on international waters outside the continental shelf.
The priority of AMFR research can be categorised in three main categories i.e. basic research linked to data baseline provider for all marine and fisheries aspects, integrated applied research which covers marine inter-discipline research including socio-economic, and advance research to produce new innovations
The Indonesian Archipelago has a configuration and a strategic crossway-position, and from point of view of environmental condition, and also from its geological condition, Indonesia has 5 (five) comparative leading sectors compared to other countries in the world. They are :
- Marine Mega Biodiversity: Indone-sian waters has invaluable bio-diversity from the point of view of commercial value and scientific value which has to be wisely managed.
- Plate Tectonic: Indonesia is a place where three tectonic faults meet, subsequently the area is rich of submarine resources, but the area is also prone to natural disasters.
- Dynamic Oceanographic and Climate Variability: Indonesian waters is a place where the Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) passes-through between Pacific Ocean and Indian Ocean, therefore the area plays an important role in global ocean circulation which determines the local, regional, and global climate variability and affects the living resources distribution and abundance.
- Indonesia with its Nusantara concept: which is accepted internationally, according to International Law of Sea (UNCLOS 82), gives its consequence to the country and people of Indonesia to optimally manage and utilize its resources recognizing the Traditional and International Law.
- Indonesia as archipelago country has established its International Navigation Passage known as Alur Lintas Kepulauan Indonesia, this will be obliged us to develop its surveillance technology capability and its ability to protect the environment.
What are the main initiatives of your department?
The priority of Agency for Marine and Fisheries Research (AMFR) can be categorized in three main research category i.e.: basic research which linked to data baseline provider for all marine and fisheries aspects, integrated applied research which covers marine inter-discipline research including socio-economic, and advance research to produce new innovations in the field of marine and fisheries.
The strategic research for managing and utilizing the marine and fisheries resources, which are carried out by AMFR, are:
- Research linked to capture fisheries activities
- Research linked to aquaculture activities
- Research on product processing
- Research on marine and fisheries socio-economic
- Research on oceanography and ocean meteorology
- Research on marine tectonic
- Research on maritime history and ocean policy
- Research on marine technology
What role you see that geomatics can play in addressing the issues of marine resource conservation?
According to our research priority and because we manage space in this case coastal and marine, geomatics is very important for mapping the marine resources.
GIS and remote sensing will be very helpful for AMFR data collection, data analyzes (modeling) and data interpretation of our research priority.
Do you think that developing a marine cadastre helps in marine resources conservation?
Of course, we need a concept which can regulate the use of marine areas based on their environmental condition, economic value, and legal aspect.
We need a concept, which can regulate the use of marine areas based on their environmental condition, economic value, and legal aspect. Marine cadastre is one of the concepts which can be used for integrated marine-use planning
Marine cadastre is one of the concepts which can be used for integrated marine-use planning.
What is the status of Marine SDI in Indonesia?
Nationally, Indonesia (from various research institution), still working on national spatial database on Indonesian marine resources.