Malaviya National Institute of Technology
Reader, Malaviya National Institute of Technology,
GIS for transportation has now emerged as the technology with considerable potential for achieving dramatic gains in planning, design, implementation and maintenance of transportation projects and transportation management in urban areas. Jaipur is amongst the fastest growing city of India and numbers of vehicles in the city are growing rapidly. This paper describes the attempt made to collect data and to develop a GIS database
Jaipur with its memorable past is well known as the “PINK CITY” of India. It is the 11th largest metropolitan city of India. This is the capital of Rajasthan State and the largest city of the State. Located in the Aravali hills at an altitude of about 430m above M.S.L., Jaipur lies on latitude 26055′ north and 75050′ east. The climate is dry and annual rainfall is 620mm. The city follows a grid plan, with rectangular blocks created by broad intersecting avenues and streets. Among places of interest are an astronomical observatory, known as Jantar Mantar, the vast palace of the maharajas, and the University of Rajasthan (1947). The rectangular wall area is famous for its traditional Mughal architecture. This area is separated by the outer city by the main doors on the outer periphery namely Ajmeri Gate, New Gate, Sanganari Gate, Ghat Gate, Galta Gate, Chandpole Gate and many others. In the wall city area there are four lane straight roads having median to separate the traffic moving in the opposite direction, also the kerb parking system is provided. The roadway widths are far wider as compared to other Indian historical cities so much so that one of the name of the road given as Chaura Rasta (meaning wider road). The main straight street running east to west is from Galta Gate to Chandpole Gate and other roads at right angle to it are Chardarwaja to Ghat Gate, Chandi ki Taksal to Sanganeri gate and Purni Basti to Ajmeri Gate.
In the decade 1940-1950, five new schemes developed outside the walled city, namely, Banipark, Civil Lines, ‘C’ scheme, Ashok Nagar and Adarsh Nagar. After independence, the city continued to grow at good rate and many more schemes have developed such as Gandhi Nagar, Bapu Nagar, Bajaj Nagar, Vishwakarma Industrial Area, Jawahar Nagar, Shastri Nagar, Malaviya Nagar etc. After independence, the city has grown in its importance as the seat of administration as state capital, a center of higher education, a center of trade, commerce and industry. Being located on Delhi-Ahmedabad-Mumbai axis, it is one of the most important cities of this region. Three National Highways NH-8 (Delhi – Mumbai), NH-11 (Agra – Bikaner), and NH-12 (Jaipur – Jabalpur) forms the major road network of Jaipur Metropolitan Area. Population of Jaipur was 0.160 million in 1901 which has grown to 2.32 Million in 2001 (Table 1). Population density in Jaipur is 471 persons per Sq. Km. Fig. 1, shows the digitized map of Jaipur city.
Growth of vehicles in Jaipur city
Since last decade, vehicles are increasing at faster rate in Jaipur city. The increased socio- economic status of the residents, the availability of automobiles, lack of integrated mass transport system and the increased need for use of transport for daily journeys have resulted in steep growth of vehicle ownership in the city, as shown in table 2. The two-wheelers are increasing at a rapid rate, while cars are increasing steadily at a slower pace. The total numbers of vehicles in Jaipur was 90,857 in 1981-82 and which has now increased by more than 8 times to 752,645 in 2002-2003. One of the reasons of increased vehicular traffic is occupational structure of residents of Jaipur city. With more workers in industry and trade and commerce, daily traveling distances are more and so are the needs for transportation. The occupation structure of Jaipur city in 1991 is shown in Table 3.
Table 1 Population growth of Jaipur city