Andhra Pradesh has become a trendsetter in E-Governance work in India, examples of which include (i) Andhra Pradesh State Wide Area Network (APSWAN) – for voice, data, and video communication, (ii) CARD Project – for registering and preserving documents of immovable property transactions and related services, (iii) Andhra Pradesh Development Monitoring System (APDMS) – combines GIS with data from remote sensing satellites, consisting of base maps of mandals and the constituent revenue villages and habitations together with thematic data on the road network, community infrastructure, basic demographic data, soil and geomorphological data, etc. Databases created for use in conjunction with the GIS include Land Information System, Socio-economic indicators, Multi-purpose Household Survey database and Human Development Indicators, (iv) Public Domain Information System – enable citizens access to Government information, (v) Fully Automated Services of Transport (FAST), (vi) Secretariat Knowledge and Information Management System (SKIMS), (vii) MPHS-Database for Development, (viii) Cyber Laws, and (ix) Digital City.
BHAGIDARI (parternship) Project for Delhi
For improved governance and betterment of Delhi, BHAGIDARI project is started in the areas of IT and Vocational Training, Water augmentation/ Distribution, Electricity Distribution, Transportation, and Solid Waste Management. Stress will be given on the making of e-citizen, a concept that bring electronics age in close contact with the common citizen. The Government is keen to encourage citizen partnership, electronic governance and development of people-friendly procedures and culture. GIS will be used to maintain and update that database.
Haryana State Wide Area Network (HARNET)
E-Governance in Haryana shall be evolved concurrently with re-engineering the State Government processes on all developmental parameters, revenue collections, crime rate, key agricultural inputs, condition of irrigation facilities, status of power generation and distribution, social infrastructure, etc. Digitised maps of Haryana will be utilised for providing GIS based services. On-line Analytical Processing (OLAP) would be developed for planning and decision making. GIS shall be extensively used in integrating, analysing and visualising different types of data for spatial planning, environmental protection, utility management, traffic regulation etc.
The Relational Database Management functions in Kerala project are handled by SQL, which is an open source code. It also makes use of GRASS for GIS applications and GUI (Graphical User Interface) development library. The data generated covered the domains of the local gram panchayat office, the village office concerned, agricultural office, veterinary office, schools and primary health centres. The induction of “open source code” software reduces the cost of adoption of E-Governance drastically. While the cost of using proprietary software was estimated at Rs. 9.56 lacs for the introduction of E-Governance in a typical local body, it is found to be as low as Rs. 0.90 lacs with open source code software.
E-Governance in Madhya Pradesh will monitor the progress in all the 52,000 villages, blocks and districts through the use of GIS/MIS. The on-line voluminous data with references will make it easier to access the information and take action accordingly.
In Punjab, E-Governance shall include information (i) About the department, (ii) Procedures for the convenience of general public, (iii) Application formats for general public, (iv) Status of the representations, grievances and applications of general public, preferably in detail or at least in summary nature, (v) Waiting lists or the allotment lists maintained by the Department, (vi) Public notices, tender notices, recruitment notices, admission notices or the Gazette Notifications, and (vii) An inter-active feedback system for sending e-mail queries to the departments and receiving answers. Several database in GIS will be created and made available online to the other departments, public and panchayats, such as (i) District Information System (DISNIC) containing village/ town database, (ii) Courts Information System (COURTIS), (iii) Assembly Information System (AIS), and (iv) Computerised Rural Information System (CRISP).
Based on the inputs from the IT Task Force, the State Government is going full hog over its E-Governance initiatives with the computerisation of Taluks. Development of a GIS database is under progress through the digitisation process, which would act as decision making support system for all queries as all infrastructure including highways, underground pipes and culverts, schools, hospitals.
For a better Government-citizen interface, several areas are included viz., vehicle registration, land records, birth and death registrations, employment exchanges, payment of excise duty, sales tax and local tax, electronic bill payment of water and electricity, computerization of health records, relevant education through internet, work of Police and Police stations, criminal, justice etc. All important Government policies, acts, rules, regulations, notifications that have a direct bearing on public would be made available through internet or other suitable networks. The Zilla Parishads will adopt GIS-based planning to establish a District–wide network with Blocks/Municipalities for speedy transmission of relevant date and information. -P. K. Garg
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