GIS Development Staff
These institutes are to promote and coordinate forestry education and research, development and maintenance of forestry database, provide consultancy and training.
Government of India has established a number of premier institutes for better management, conservation and planning of fast depleting forests in the country. The main objectives of these institutes are to promote and coordinate forestry education and research, development and maintenance of forestry database, providing consultancy and training and creating awareness in mass through media, audio-visual aids and extension machinery. Some of the leading institutes in this field are ICFRE, FSI, IIFM, IIRS, NRSA and WII.
Indian Council of Forest Research and Education
ICFRE, an autonomous body under the Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of India, hold the mandate to organise, direct and manage research and education in the fields of forestry. It is also responsible for framing the over all method of application of all sources of scientific knowledge to the solution of problems facing the forestry sector. The main function of the council are to formulate the forestry research policy of the country and coordinate forestry research activities/programmes of its constituent institutes, centres and related organisations including Universities. The council presently has a cadre of 379 scientists and foresters who are engaged in research for the solution of the problems faced by the forestry sector. The research institutes and centers under the council are:
- Forest Research Institutes, Dehra Dun (FRI)
- Institutes of Forest Genetics and Tree
- Breeding, Coimbatore (IFG&TB)
- Institute of Wood Science and Technology, Bangalore (IWS&T)
- Institute of Deciduous Forest, Jabalpur (IDF)
- Institute of Rain and Moist Deciduous Forest Research, Jorhat (IR&MDFR)
- Institute of Arid Zone Forestry Research, Jodhpur (IAZFR)
- Conifer Research Centre , Shimla (CRC)
- Advanced Center for Forest Productivity, Ranchi (ACFP)
Forest Research Institutes (FRI)
FRI has its root in the erstwhile Imperial Forest Research Institute established in 1906 to organise and lead forestry research activities in the country. It is one of the oldest forest research institutes in India.
The institute responsible for forestry research nation wide, in particular, caters to the research needs of the Indo-Gangetic plains of Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana. The institute contributes the research perspectives focussing on different aspect of forestry like production of quality seed and planting material, social forestry, protection of forest from diseases and insects, eco-rehabilitation, evaluation and utilization of plantation timber with special reference to short rotation, young and juvenile wood, cultivation and conservation of medicinal and aromatic plants, utilization of non-wood forest products, afforestation techniques of bamboos, use of bio fertilizers, etc. The institute has also made significant progress in research and treatment and utilization of unconventional timber such as eucalyptus, poplar, etc.
Extension and training are important functions of the institute for transfer of latest technologies. The institute has a well-developed infrastructure of laboratories, libraries & information centres, herbarium, arboreta, nurseries, and experimental field areas for conducting forestry research as well as training. The short term training courses are organised in 21 disciplines.
Institute Of Forest Genetics And Tree Breeding, Coimbatore (IFG&TB)
The institute primarily caters to the general forestry research problems pertaining to the states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Research in eco-restoration of Western Ghats, mangrove forest of the West and the East Coasts, and biodiversity of the tropical ever green forests of Western Ghats being other specific fields.
Institute Of Wood Science And Technology, Bangalore (IWS&T)
The primary objective of the institute is to conduct research at national level, in wood sciences and technology, substitutes for wood, enhancing durability of lesser known timbers found in the country, improve and develop new technologies for wood-based industries.
Institute Of Deciduous Forests, Jabalpur (IDF)
The institutes caters to the forestry research needs of the states of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and Goa. In addition, the institute also conducts research on minor forest products at the national level.
Institute Of Arid Zone Forestry Research, Jodhpur (IAZFR)
The institute caters to general research requirements of forest and forestry problems relating to the States of Rajasthan, Gujarat and parts of Haryana and Punjab.
Institue Of Rain And Moist Deciduous Forest Research, Jorhat (IR&MDFR)
The institute has mandate, to carry out research on ecology, regeneration and management of forest occurring in the North-Eastern States, West Bengal, Sikkim and Andaman and Nicobar islands .Conservation methods to preserve the unique heritage of flora/fauna found in the region, containment of shifting cultivation and muti-faceted use of mangroves in harmony with their ecological character.
Conifer Research Centre, Shimla (CRC)
The original mandate for this centre includes, research on regeneration of high level conifers, has now been enlarged to include research in forestry related problems of the cold deserts and conservation of natural forest cover in the Himalayas.
Advance Centre For Forest Productivity Ranchi (ACFP)
The primary aim of the centre is to carry out extension programme packages for lac cultivation in various blocks, distribute brood lac to poor cultivators and establish demonstration centres for brood lac farming. Other objectives include research in agro-forestry and ecological conservation in Bihar and West Bengal.
Forest Survey of India (FSI)
FSI is a premier organisation involved in assessment of forest resources at the National as well as State level. FSI started initially as an organisation called Pre-investment Survey of Forest Resources (PISFR) in 1965. PISFR was created as a joint venture of Government of India and the United Nation Development Programme. With the increasing realisation of the importance of forest resources in National and State level planning and the expertise of the modern survey techniques available with PISFR, Government of India decided to enlarge its activities in 1981. As a result the PISFR was renamed as Forest Survey of India (FSI) in 1981. FSI has its headquarters at Dehradun and four zonal offices each at Shimla, Calcutta, Nagpur and Bangalore covering Northen, Eastern, Central and Southern zones of the country respectively.
Forest Survey of India is the main contributor to the forestry database in India at the national level. FSI’s contribution to the forestry database is through the following activities:
- Forest cover estimates and maps
- Thematic mapping
- Field inventory
- Special studies
Forest cover Estimates and Maps:
Assessment of the vegetation cover of the country is the primary task of FSI. The FSI is estimating forest cover of the entire country biennially by using remote sensing technology supported by ground verification. The results are produced in the form ‘State of Forest Report’ and forest cover maps on 1:250,000 scale.
Thematic maps are prepared using aerial photographs on 1:50,000 scale. These maps depict forest types, major species composition, crown density of forest cover and other land uses.
The FSI has been conducting field inventory for estimating the growing stock (volume) and other parameters of the forests by laying out systematic sample plots since its inception in 1965. So far about 80% of the country’s forest area has been inventoried including some areas more than once and about 130 reports have been published. About 25000 sq. km of forest area is being inventorised every year.
FSI conducts special studies to address specific issues of contemporary importance in different areas of the country.
Indian Institute of Forest Management
IIFM Bhopal is a young and vibrant autonomous educational institute funded by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.
IIFM was established in 1982 in response to the growing need for the managerial human power and development of managerial capacity in the forestry and the allied sectors. Since its establishment, IIFM has emerged as a premier educational institute in the area of Forest Management in India and Southeast Asia.
Major activities at IIFM includes two year Postgraduate Diploma Programme in Forestry Management (PGDFM), the M.Phil level programme in Natural Resource Management, Short term Management Development Programmes (MDP’S), Research in the area of Forest and Natural Resource Management. IIFM also undertakes consultancy work for national and international clients from the government, industry and other allied sectors.
Indian Institute of Remote Sensing
IIRS at Dehradun is a premier training and research institute in South-East Asia functioning under National Remote Sensing Agency, Department of Space, Government of India. Formerly known as Indian Photo-interpretation Institute, IIRS came into existence in 1966, with the simultaneous establishment of different divisions including Forestry & Ecology Division. The division has been playing a very important and supportive role in the quantitative and qualitative assessment of forests in the country. Even though imparting training in RS and GIS is the main mandate it join hands with forest managers in providing inventory and locational information, which are the basic requirements in forest management and conservation. The division is pioneered in the field of GIS applications in India. GIS was adopted and operationalised in early 90’s and has been in the forefront ever since. It has played very significant role in developing photo interpretation procedures for forest mapping, growing stock estimation, revision and updating of work plans. The division also has significantly contributed in resource evaluation within India and some of the neighbouring countries. Projects related to mapping of forest cover, wastelands, land cover/land use, impact assessment, protected area management, forest resource assessment, growing stock estimation etc.
National Remote Sensing Agency
National Remote Sensing Agency, an autonomous organisation under the Department of Space, Govt. of India, is responsible for providing operational resources survey services to the users, utilising modern remote sensing techniques. The organisation has continued to make significant progress in all the spheres of its activities viz., acquisition, processing, generation and dissemination of satellite and aerial data products, analysis and interpretation of remotely-sensed data for resource management, training of users in remote sensing and allied areas as well as research and development activities in different areas including Forestry and Ecology. Various centres of Department of Space and lead institutes are involved with the division to conduct various research projects. The major projects under the division are, forest resources assessment in Madhya Pradesh, ecological monitoring of Kudremukh Iron Ore Mine, spatial resources dynamic growth modelling for micro-level planning and sustainable forestry and biodiversity characterisation at landscape level using remote sensing and GIS techniques. It imparts training to the users in the same field through IIRS, Dehradun.
Wildlife Institute of India
WII was set up in 1982. In 1986 it was given autonomy, for effective furtherance of academic pursuits. It functions as an autonomous institution of the Ministry of Environment & Forests. WII’s mandate is to create trained manpower base, a cader of trained wild life managers and scientists, both ecologist and socio-economist. At the same time it is also responsible to nurture the development of wildlife science and promote its application in a manner that accords with our economic and socio-cultural milieu. WII also conducts training programme short courses and education programme (MSc. Wildlife).
The French Institute of Pondicherry
Institute Francais de Pondichery, IFP is a multidisciplinary research and advanced educational institute, compose of three scientific departments (Ecology, Social Sciences, Indology) and one Geomatics laboratory. The institute was established through the Treaty of Cession of French Establishment in India (1956-1962).
The department of ecology aims at understanding the long-term history (palynology, soil erosion) of the Indian Sub-continent, and the geographical distribution and the functioning of the terrestrial ecosystems (especially of forests) in a perspective of sustainable development.