Perspective: e-Tools in Governance

Perspective: e-Tools in Governance


Yang Fengchun
Dean, Associate Professor
Academy of e-Government; Peking University
[email protected]

Zhou Zhenlin
Academy of e-Government; Peking University

Governance refers to the act, process, or power of governing. Effective governance helps to strengthen the public security and social cohesion, promotes economic prosperity, and even assists to shorten the gap between the poor and the rich.

Effective governance is the most important task for the Chinese government to do, because our state is a developing country with a huge population and confront some problems such as income disparities and the gap between urban and rural areas. In this situation, it is necessary to lay greater emphasis on e-governance in China.

e-Governance based on GIS
Urban informationization is a long-term, comprehensive process. China’s Ministry of Construction has announced “The Digital Project of Urban Planning, Construction, Management and Services” (short for Digital City Project) as a major scientific and technological project. Among the 668 large and medium cities, and 30,000 small towns in China, nearly 40 cities have started Digital City Project. “Digital Beijing”, “Digital Haidian”, “Digital Shenzhen”, “Digital Guangzhou” and other terms with various slogans can be seen everywhere. In China, all levels of government officials begin to take action in urban constructions. Currently, GPS/GIS/RS technology is widely used in these areas. Therefore, the effective use of technology is directly related to urban management and specific figures of urban construction. In the governance field, with the rapid development of computer technology and the deepening of GIS applications, urban management is utilizing GIS technology to deal with more routine processing of documents, information enquiries and decision support. Urban managers have understood that the basic framework is very important and urgent.

Beijing Dongcheng District established a “10,000 meters grid” system, which means every 10,000 square meters is a unit. The city officials integrate mobile communications networks and urban GIS. Currently, the system has been completed and put into use, which offers new solutions for urban management. At the same time, the GIS is playing an important role in humanities, economics and even in emergency management.

Other technology in Governance of China
In addition to these technologies, Chinese government also uses other technological governance, such as Internet, Mobile Networks, City Wireless Networks, and Broadcast Network.

In Beijing, Vehicles Positioning System is making use of GPS, while city management and tourism, and other large urban areas are using GIS. Remote sensing is applied in the digital city’s model buildings. At the same time, Data transmission is using the Internet, mobile nets, city wireless networks, and even broadcast networks.

Particularly, with rapid economic development, urban transportation problems are becoming more and more serious. In order to solve this problem, the government had continued to broaden the road, and increased urban public transportation facilities, which have no obvious effects. Now, Beijing government has started to develop ITS (Intelligent Transportation Systems). Now the growing urban traffic conditions has been improved. In China, most cities have started to use mobile networks and RFID technology to take care of street lamps and covers (such as covers of urban sewage pipelines and communications cable channels). In Beijing, the mobile Government Lab has been built, in which experts in mobile technology have done a lot of research in e-governance and some related fields. These research studies offer valuable advices for the government.