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Assist. Professor, IAV Hassan II
Semlali El Hassan
Professor, IAV Hassan II
IAV Hassan II
IAV Hassan II
During the last decade, several countries began to re-engineer their land administration systems. The re-engineering process focused closely on legal, organizational, technical, and financial aspects. The objectives of most of the countries was to conduct new reforms enabling their systems to meet the requirements of the new society, experiencing enormous international changes and a rapid growth of information technologies.
The driving forces behind re-engineering land administration system
The driving forces behind re-engineering (Hammer and Stanton, 1994; Banki, 1997) land administration systems are the new customer needs, the new global changes, the technology evolution, and the state requirements. Customers are of two kinds: individuals and group of individuals. The needs of both kinds of customers are specific and should be dealt with great attention. The major customer demand is the system efficiency, which means the ability to determine properties and provide in a short time the related ownerships.
The global changes affect, the nature of the land administration system to develop. Serious efforts must be conducted to improve the certainty of land rights and the security of tenure. The system should serve the on-going reforms around the world and serve the urgent requirements of land and territory planning to support international companies using land in Morocco.
The current technology has seen major increases in different domains. The land administration system is concerned by these new technological improvements. Varieties of instruments have recently been introduced that will in the future accelerate the processes of surveying, land titling, registration, and mapping. GIS help in modernizing all operational and functional processes of the system.
In Morocco, the State as a primary landowner needs to establish an efficient system to increase the security on land and facilitate land administration. This will allow monitoring of land market, improvement of planning in urban and rural areas, regulation of legal framework and statutes of land, and introduction of new technology to maintain land reform such as redistribution, consolidation, valuation, and assessment. In addition, the multipurpose cadastre will ensure within the society an optimum level of quality and establish a uniform land information system based on properties and parcels.
Fig. 1 Local delegation adapted from Chakir (2001)
Analysis of the ongoing modernization scenarios
The decennial action plan 1996-2005
The National Agency of Land Conservation, Cadastre, and Mapping for ANCFCC is the fundamental agency in administrating and managing land related data in Morocco. The decennial action plan established in 1995 was very ambitious and constituted an important reference regarding the diagnostic and analysis matters. From the strategic point of view, it presented a series of recommendations as ambitious orientations; however, they were forever reliable to the structure and the spirit of the former system.
We should deal with various questions regarding the future of land administration system in Morocco (El-Ayachi, 2005). What is the future role of this system in promoting the national development? What is the nature of its contribution if the former structure continues to be submerged only by the titling purposes?
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