Prof. Mohamed Aziz
Consultant of the National GIS Committee in the State of Kuwait
Professor of Applied GIS
Geography Department – Kuwait University,
GIS centres no longer work in isolation from the environment and mechanism of e-Government activities since both forms an integrative part for the other. If the e-Government seeks executive flexibility in daily correspondences automatically through web-pages for each authority and a main web-page for all the different governmental authorities to establish communication among them all, the service development process will enable flexibility in communication to activate GIS role in central communication with the unified spatial database of the state. In addition, there is the mutual communication with the concerned authorities in common national applications.
To execute daily government electronic correspondences by the e-Government network, many spatial data must be available such as addresses, detailed data about land parcels, ownership document for of the concerned people, and spatial specifications for the concerned locations. Therefore, the integration of GIS with e-Government will form one of the most important rapid executive mechanisms.
This paper discusses the different aspects through which integration can be reached between both technologies as follows:
- Facilitate instant communication mechanism among governmental authorities due to the direct application method of GIS.
- Provide spatial reference directly for all beneficiary correspondences of the e-Government whether they are citizens or official authorities.
- Facilitate holding national projects within the e-Government context which depend on flexibility established by the unified national spatial databases.
- Execute large national projects through integration between e-Government mechanism and spatial databases provided by the National GIS Centre such as: population census to be held in 2005.
As an applied model of the integration between e-Government and GIS technology, this paper discusses the proposal presented by Kuwait University to the Ministry of Planning regarding the possibility of implementing the census 2005 for the State of Kuwait.
The paper also offers the opportunity to discuss the possibility of developing the envisaged proposal of making use of it for population census of other Arab countries to accomplish one of the most important goals of the Arab GIS Conference in developing the tasks of Arab governments’ authorities.
If it is supposed that both GIS and e-Government are a logical result of the information technology and computer, it is noticed that both technologies are heading into different directions except for a few international applications which are integrated partially or fully for both technologies. Integration cases are seldom limited for governmental authorities that succeeded in establishing stable hierarchy for GIS that depend on service database in the form of various applications. One of these applications is setting a public site that provides services to citizens the most important of which are tourist and guidance services, and even real-estate services.
If previous experiments were reviewed in the field of e-Government, it is found that the main trends is to change the daily correspondences systems between governmental authorities and citizens from paper-based to digital-based, and develop the performance level while removing all traditional obstacles faced by citizens. It is noticed that most accomplished tasks in this field 90% of which depend on operational, functional, financial, administrative systems which completely lack GIS, which is comprehensively not ideal from the e-Government since it does not depend on the spatial dimension of data.
Due to the success of governmental authorities in establishing GIS centres while facilitating creating spatial digital databases, it is feasible to accomplish integration among different activities of e-Government and GIS. However, the integration methods between both technologies differ in different countries. Therefore, the current paper seeks to categorise integration curricula between both technologies and form an ideal curriculum to be applied in the State of Kuwait to integrate both technologies in the field of population census in the State of Kuwait.