Integration and Interoperability: Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing, and GIS Tools Come Together

Integration and Interoperability: Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing, and GIS Tools Come Together

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Ryan Strynatka
Product Manager
Leica geosystems Singapore
[email protected]

Abstract
Geo-spatial technologies are becoming increasingly intertwined. Traditionally GIS, Remote Sensing, and Photogrammetry have been three distinct disciplines, with well defined boundaries and little overlap between them. In recent years the boundaries have become blurred, as technology creeps between the three fields. The merging of these disciplines can be defined by two processes: integration and interoperability. Integration can be characterized as technology native to one domain, such as photogrammetry, being integrated with the other two disciplines of GIS and Remote Sensing. Interoperability can be defined as the implementation and utilization of similar data types throughout the GIS, Remote Sensing, and Photogrammetric workflows that are used to derive final geospatial data products. Improvements in both technological integration and data interoperability have been driven by user demands. This is because data customers are requiring complete solutions. Instead of purchasing 2D vector data, 3D terrain data, and imagery from three different data providers, customers are expressing a desire to purchase a complete solution from a single data provider. The result is that companies and organizations that previously specialized in one field are branching out into other areas as well. To accomplish this task, they are increasingly looking for a single integrated software solution. This paper will examine how the boundaries between GIS, Remote Sensing, and Photogrammetric tools have dissolved and what direction the industry will head in the future.