Integrated approach of GIS and GPS in Motor Rally

Integrated approach of GIS and GPS in Motor Rally

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Abstract
Akash Chauhan
Department of Civil Engineering, Punjab Engineering College,
Chandigarh- 160012
Email: [email protected]

L Vijay Sambandhan
Department of Civil Engineering, Punjab Engineering College,
Chandigarh- 160012
Email: [email protected]

Abstract
Car and motorcycle rallies are sport extravaganzas involving large number of participants, huge monetary investment and immense geographical coverage. Most of the national rallies are multi-day events, where the participants travel many miles over different terrains, sometimes even between countries.

Due to the nature of the event, proper planning is done by organizers, with due consideration to the fact that lot of money and life’s are at stake.

The planning phase, though important can be a minor updation of the last year’s event; the execution phase however demands most of the organizers time, money, resources and efforts. Even the slightest of hiccup from organizers can prove to be disastrous to life and property. Moreover, motor rallies are getting complex with inclusion of multi-vehicles in the same rally and development of an array of rules governing the rally. A mistake by rally marshals may cause confusion in the event amounting to discrepancy in the final position of the participants in the rally.

Considering the nature of the sport, the organizers have to lay special emphasis on disaster mitigation. Rallies are prone to accidents especially in hilly terrain which can be fatal. Thus, immediate relief becomes imperative in motor rallies. However, difficulty in quick and accurate location determination of accidental vehicles puts a question mark on the safety of the participants. The current practice of the use of wireless systems may prove to be futile in case of severe injury to the participant or damage to the transmission set in the vehicle. This necessitates the use of more reliable and efficient communication tool with a suitable system to intelligently handle the generated data.

GIS in combination with GPS sees tremendous application in modern rallies. These technologies can be used in both planning and execution phase of a nationalised motor rally. In the execution phase, GIS and GPS can give monitoring, managing, disaster mitigation, and event logging solutions. GPS sets are currently placed in the vehicles to be used as a navigation tool by the participants. However, GPS can also be used to transmit real time position data of the vehicles to the organizers thus enabling them to take more informed decisions. This GPS data can be imported on a custom-made GIS package for the purpose of atomization of the rally. This GIS package will include map of the region, terrain data of the rally route, location of check points, location of base stations, ambulances, FIV’s (Fast Interception Vehicles), police vans, etc. This GIS package will suitably generate rally tulips giving report of any vehicle at any time in the rally and thus does away paper work with reduction of human error on part of the organizers.

The use for GIS and GPS for monitoring and management of a motor rally can prove to be of the following advantages.

  • Minimization of paper work and work force at check posts.
  • Detailed electronic map generation of the whole rally extent.
  • Query based determination of accident zones
  • Spatial query generation for route related inquiries
  • Real time movement of vehicles on the computer/laptop
  • Quick determination of accidental vehicles and its location
  • Event log in digital form of each participant/vehicle
  • Easy comparable analysis of participants performance in the event
  • Cross-checking of tulip readings of the participants
  • Dynamic viewing made possible for spectators with use of internet GIS
  • Efficient use of resources at the rally and reduction of organizers effort

With the above advantages, the rally will not only become easier to conduct but will also befit the organizers efforts to make the whole system transparent.

The authors have attempted to evaluate the requirement and feasibility of a custom made GIS package aided by suitable GPS systems in each vehicle for the benefit of the rally organizers. This study has been done for an annual national multi-vehicle rally conducted by SJOBA, Chandigarh. The economics for the same has also been discussed.