Gursharan Jeet Kaur
Delhi Development Authority,
Email: [email protected]
Delhi Development Authority
Email: [email protected]
Delhi as the National Capital of India has always been in the centre stage of political and administrative power. It has been a forerunner in the field of urban governance and management and provides an interesting case study. From a population of 7 lakhs in 1947, today Delhi’s population is around 140 lakhs, resulting in changing political perceptions and phenomenal pressures on urban administration, land and infrastructure services. Out of total area of 1486 square kms, about 40% has already been urbanized and the rest is under heavy pressure of urbanization. In order to restrict the growth of the city, the National Capital Region (NCR) covering about 30,000 sq.km. has been delineated. However, the runaway growth of Delhi continues unrestricted, attracting nearly 3 to 4 lakhs population every year, besides natural growth. Cities like Delhi are numerous in the third world countries, which are under tremendous pressure of urbanization. These are the cities, which are pulling millions of in -migrants sharing the limited resources.
This paper is based on one such change in the existing resource (WATER), which got affected due to the increase in population in the city area. The changes are like sharp fall in the ground water level and deterioration in the quality of ground water. This change has been noticed significantly in Delhi city periphery. The chunk of land, which used to be the green belt under agricultural use has developed several farmhouses with commercial activities, unorganized multi storied houses of economically weaker section, associated commercial activities and relocation of slum from the city, big shopping malls on the whole stretch of land.
To delineate the study area single zone will be studied in detail. This zone will be studied in terms of population, activities, and land use changes in reference with the changes in the water sources over a certain period of time. The changes in the water sources will refer to change in the quality and quantity of water available.
The appropriateness of the GIS is on respecting and thinking these chronic conditions in setting up a methodology aiming to pursue the basic knowledge of territory to support decision making and planning actions in these types of cities. GIS will act as a tool in identifying the correlation between the population density and water quantity and quality.
The outcome of the project would be like by selecting one division in the particular zone and judging the selected area in terms of the present water status for a given population.
This tool will be helpful in decision making process that whether that piece of land should be used for further development or the present development pattern is to be restricted.
BRIEF OUTLINE OF THE PAPER
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
• To set up a relationship between the density of population and the status of Water Resources
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
• Using GIS as a tool to detect the type of land with a particular status of water resource given the population density
• Updation of data with time
1. INTRODUCTION OF THE TOPIC
a. GIS and the Developing World
b. Scope of GIS in Urban Development
c. Role of GIS with respect to Infrastructure
d. Use of GIS in different cities of the World
2. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DELHI METROPOLIS
a. Growth of Delhi Metropolis
b. Population Study
c. Water resources of Delhi – Ground Water, Piped Water, Tubewells, Surface Water
d. Water status and Urbanisation in Delhi
e. Present Status
3. ZONE ‘J’ – SOUTH DELHI – A BRIEF DESCRIPTION
b. Regional Settings
4. SUB DIVISIONS OF ZONE ‘J’
5. POPULATION STUDY OF ZONE ‘J’
6. LAND USE CHANGE IN ZONE ‘J’
7. WATER RESOURCES OF ZONE ‘J’
8. RECENT DEVELOPMENT PATTERN IN ZONE ‘J’
9. MASTER PLAN RECOMMENDATIONS
10. IMPACT OF LAND USE CHANGE ON WATER RESOURCE
a. Ground Water Level
b. Status of Surface Water
c. Status of Tube Wells
d. Status of Piped Water Supply (Availability)
e. Water Quality
11. CO-RELATION BETWEEN THE DEVELOPMENT AND RESOURCE
12. ROLE OF GIS IN DEVELOPING THE CO- RELATION
13. PROPOSALS AND POLICIES FOR FUTURE