Indonesia’s Ministry of Agriculture has developed an Agriculture Field Survey System using GIS solutions to effectively operate agriculture and funding schemes to precisely record, measure and publish data
Agriculture is the key to Indonesia’s economy, contributing around 15% to the GDP while farm labour accounts for up to 43% of total national employment. To facilitate sustainable development in agriculture, the government in Indonesia has invested more than $7 million annually in launching diverse grant-in-aid projects. In addition to agriculture policies, the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) is responsible for developing a fair trading system in agricultural commodities and enhancing production through providing agriculturists with proper funding, seeds, insecticide, etc.
To obtain and manage spatial information of each farmland correctly, GIS field survey for agri planning & development Indonesia’s Ministry of Agriculture has developed an Agriculture Field Survey System using GIS solutions to effectively operate agriculture and funding schemes to precisely record, measure and publish data the MoA developed an Agriculture Field Survey System with mapping solutions that are available in mobile devices, desktop, and server applications to help maximise field productivity, perform data editing and analysis, as well as integrate and share the latest spatial data and GIS services across the sector.
The Agriculture Field Survey System allows the MoA to overcome the disadvantages of the traditional paper-andpencil survey mode, complete data collection of crop types and conditions, and perform precise measurement of farmland size in each district. As a result, the agency can effectively manage farmlands and crops, reduce the cost of unnecessary waste of resources, and formulate feasible funding and agricultural development plans with accurate and up-to-date data.
The desktop GIS software helps the MoA easily visualise and analyse field data, ensuring that the integrated agricultural data is updated and managed through enterprise geodatabase. Besides, server GIS also serves as a fullfunction platform for data synchronisation, management, and sharing. Therefore, the cost of data duplication and storage could be significantly reduced.
For data capture, the Agriculture Field Survey System enables surveyors throughout the country to smartly measure farmland areas, add attributes, and take pictures for crops using mobile GIS and GPS tools. It also ensures that newly collected agricultural data can be uploaded and well managed on server, bringing MoA the real situation of fields, crops, and pesticides in order to make better decisions in encouraging the domestic farming community.
Custom GIS solutions for data management
The Agriculture Field Survey System is built on mobile, desktop, and server software to fulfill diverse project requirements. In addition to overlaying layers, editing features, and geo-tagging photos in the field, mobile GIS technology offers an easy-to-use manipulation mode, localised user-interface for Indonesian users to reduce labour costs and increase field productivity.
The mobile application also enhances the connection with the server, so the officers in central office in Jakarta can view the surveyed data uploaded from mobile to server side via Internet connection. A customised website is also developed for the central officers to examine the data reliability in real time, facilitating decision making more promptly and accurately.
In addition, the desktop application is used to visualise, manage, and process agricultural data of each province. The integrated layers can be published as map services through the server to be the base-referenced maps once field workers update the collected data. The desktop GIS software supports MS SQL Server and Oracle Spatial, ensuring that multiple users are able to access and edit the data simultaneously.
The custom server GIS platform increases the MoA’s ability to systematically monitor and manage fields and crops by accessing dynamic vector data and raster data and using various front-end applications such as customised Super- Pad, SuperGIS Desktop, Web applications to view, query, and update data and maps online with ease. Different GIS platforms are combined together to assist in policy-making.
With growing population and food demand around the world, sustainable agriculture becomes crucial to increase food production and reduce environment degradation. Good decision making and management is the key to agricultural productivity. The goal of the project is not only to support MoA’s efforts using GIS solutions to effectively monitor farmland situation but also to yield agricultural and environmental improvement in Indonesia.
The comprehensive GIS solutions enables the government to take wise decisions on granting funds as well as promote efficiency in developing subsidy policies for development in agriculture.