Geographical Information Systems (GIS) play a crucial role in operation planning, execution and monitoring of progress of operations by showing all entities of interest in the context of a map. GIS provides spatial information platform such as digital maps, digital elevation maps and satellite images to visualise the operation scenario. This would help enable the disposition of enemy deployments and better planning of own forces’ deployment. In the present digital era, GIS is an excellent tool for military commanders
The use of GIS applications in military has the potential to revolutionise the way in which these forces operate and function. In the context of regional conflicts necessitating, rapid deployment and flexible response, spatial data enjoins upon the operational staff and their supporting system to maintain up-to-date situational awareness of enemy activities. GIS has a variety of applications including cartography, intelligence, battle field management, terrain analysis, remote sensing, and military installation management and monitoring of possible terrorist activity.