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Geomorphic study for regeneration of aquatic ecosystem

Dr. Zubairul Islam
Geography Department, Bareilly College, India
E-mail: [email protected]

Abstract
A geomorphic study of low elevated wards revealed that the aquatic ecosystem of an area disappeared due to unplanned development of agro ecosystems and human settlements. This area was earlier covered with ponds, wetlands and ox-bow lakes. Now, during the rainy season, inhabitants of these wards face severe problem of water logging and pollution. Regeneration of aquatic ecosystems will be helpful to maintain the ecology as well as socio-economic development in these wards.

Objective – The basic objective of the study was to find out potential locations for regeneration of aquatic ecosystems with the help of remote sensing and GIS technologies.

Hypothesis – Unplanned growth of human activities has an adverse affect on ecology and human development.

Study area – Nine Low elevated wards of Bareilly Municipal Corporation in india covering an area of 42.78 square km were selected for the study. Ward no. there area and population as on 2001 is given in the following table:


Latitude – 28°24’0.43″N Longitude – 79°22’6.98″E

Database – The present study is based on LANDSAT satellite and Google Earth data.

Methodology – Data was processed and analysed with the help of ArcGIS 9.2 and ERDAS IMAGINE 9.1.

Maps:

A. Bareilly municipal corporation – wads, contours, land use and population:


B. Selected wards for 2D and 3D analysis:
Selected wards are low elevated and sparsely populated. During the rainy season inhabitants of these wards face severe problem of water logging and water pollution. To address this problem, very low lying areas of these ward were identified for potential locations of ponds. As per the study, ponds regeneration will not only solve the problem of water logging but it will also be helpful for rain water harvesting and conservation of so many fresh water plants and animal life.

C.1 – Ward no. 17 –political and geomorphic maps for potential ponds locations


C. 2 – Ward no. 34 –political and geomorphic maps for potential ponds locations

C. 3 – Ward no. 57 –political and geomorphic maps for potential ponds locations

C.4 – Ward no. 28 –political and geomorphic maps for potential ponds locations

C.5 – Ward no. 40 –political and geomorphic maps for potential ponds locations

C. 6 – Ward no. 45 –political and geomorphic maps for potential ponds locations

C.7 – Ward no. 52 –political and geomorphic maps for potential ponds locations

C.8 – Ward no. 25 –political and geomorphic maps for potential ponds locations

C.9 – Ward no. 27 – political and geomorphic maps for potential ponds locations

Ward wise area of potential locations for ponds
Ward wise area of potential locations for ponds calculated with the help of remote sensing and GIS is given in the following table:

REFERANCES

  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Esri
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geographic_information_system
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natural_resource_management
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Municipality
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nagar_nigam
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bareilly
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth