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Facets of Disaster Management: Recipe to Relief

Kommaluri, Anand Sagar
National Institute of Technology
Mumbai, India
Email: [email protected]

Srinivasa Rao G

Abstract
Natural disasters are a tragic interruption to the development process. Lives are lost; social networks are disrupted; and capital investments are destroyed. In recent years, however, the development community has been making the links between disasters and development. This evolution would seem inevitable when one considers the disproportionately high costs that developing countries pay for disasters. Moreover, natural disasters impact developing countries in other ways than developed countries. During a disaster, it is critical to have the right data, at the right time, displayed logically, to respond and take appropriate action. Disasters can impact all or a number of government departments. The different associated departments can share information through databases on computer-generated maps in one location. The major problem in such situation is valuable “Time” which is going to be lost for the sake of ‘searching for Information’. This results disaster responders having to guess, estimate or act without loss of much time and effort. A comprehensive approach is adopted for data collection, organizing and display logically to determine the size and scope of disaster management programs.

The government’s should take an initiative to prevent the loss of human lives, severe damage to ecology and economy of a region. The development plans should develop and additional aid is to be directed to relief and reconstruction needs to get the country “back on track” toward economic and social development. This is the time for the policy makers to identify the GIS as “Recipe to Relief” for sustaining lives of mankind and the environment.